地理科学进展 ›› 2010, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (3): 307-311.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2010.03.008

• 土地利用变化 • 上一篇    下一篇

乌梁素海湿地时空动态演化

曹杨1|尚士友1|杨景荣2|吴利斌1|刘海亮1|栾奎峰3   

  1. 1. 内蒙古农业大学|呼和浩特 010018; 2. 内蒙古遥感中心|呼和浩特 010010; 3. 安徽理工大学|淮南 232001
  • 出版日期:2010-03-25 发布日期:2010-03-25
  • 通讯作者: 尚士友,教授,博士生导师,主要研究方向为农业环境工程。 E-mail:shangshiyou@163.com
  • 作者简介:曹杨(1982-)|女|博士研究生|主要研究方向为农业环境工程。E-mail: caoyang821213@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(30560029);高等学校博士学科点专项科研基金项目(20060129006)

Research on Spatial and Temporal Dynamic Evolution of Wuliangsuhai Lake Wetland

CAO Yang1, SHANG Shiyou1, YANG Jingrong2, WU Libin1, LIU Hailiang1, LUAN Kuifeng3   

  1. 1. Inner Mongolia Agricultural University, Huhhot 010018, China|
    2. Remote Sensing Center, Inner Mongolia, Huhhot 010010, China;
    3 Anhui University of |Science and Techonology, Huaina 232001, China
  • Online:2010-03-25 Published:2010-03-25

摘要:

以半荒漠地区乌梁素海湿地为研究区域,利用GIS、RS技术结合景观生态学的理论和方法,对1986-2008年不同时间、空间粒度的多源遥感影像进行信息提取,描述不同类型区景观斑块指数动态变化,进行湿地生态资源时空异质性分析,对乌梁素海湿地类型区之间的演化关系和演化方向进行研究,定量分析湿地各类型区景观动态演化趋势。结果表明:景观破碎化程度降低,明水区丧失,水下水草丛生,以芦苇为主的大型挺水植物平均面积约占湿地的49%以上,是湖泊湿地类型区演化的主导类型。湿地时空格局演变和气候、水文条件及人为影响相关,再现了人类活动对湿地景观的干扰过程和干扰强度。

关键词: 半荒漠地区, 多源遥感数据, 时空格局, 乌梁素海

Abstract:

The information of multi-source remote sensing images of Wuliangsuhai wetland at different time and space granularity from 1986 to 2008, which lies in the semi-desert area, was obtained by GIS and RS technology combined with the theories and methods of landscape ecology. The dynamics of landscape patch index for different types of areas was described and the spatial-temporal heterogeneity of wetland ecological resources was analyzed. Evolutionary relationship and direction among various wetland types of Wuliangsuhai were researched. The dynamic evolution trends of various types of wetland landscape were analyzed. The results showed that the degree of landscape fragmentation was reduced, the water district was lost, and underwater plants were tufted. The average area of reed-based large hyper-surface plants was above 49% of wetland, which was the dominant evolution type of the lake wetland. Evolution of spatial and temporal patterns of wetlands was related to climate, water conditions and artificial impact, which reflected the process and intensity of human disturbance on wetland landscape.

Key words: multi-platform remote sensing data, semi-desert area, space-time evolution, Wuliangsuhai (Lake)