地理科学进展 ›› 2010, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (2): 131-137.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2010.02.001

• 气候变化与降水 •    下一篇

中国旅游气候学研究综述

吴普1|席建超2|葛全胜2   

  1. 1. 中国旅游研究院|北京 100005;2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所|北京 100101
  • 出版日期:2010-02-25 发布日期:2010-02-25
  • 通讯作者: 吴普(1979-)|男|博士|主要研究方向为旅游气候学、旅游风险与灾害管理。 E-mail:pwu@cnta.gov.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家旅游局科研项目(09TAAG020)。

Research on the Tourism Climatology: Review and Preview

WU Pu1, XI Jianchao2|GE Quansheng2   

  1. 1. China Tourism Academy, Beijing 100005, China|
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Online:2010-02-25 Published:2010-02-25

摘要:

随着全球气候变化的加剧和旅游业的快速发展,气候变化对旅游业的影响逐渐为各界所重视,旅游气候学也因此成为旅游和气候学界研究的热点。文章从文献总量、结构,研究阶段划分,研究内容和方法4个方面回顾我国旅游气候学的研究进展。对我国旅游气候学研究的综述表明:目前,我国旅游气候学研究尚处在初级阶段,方法体系还没建立;旅游气候学研究也没得到旅游学界充分认可,研究领域“留白”较多。未来旅游界要更加充分认识气候变化对旅游业的影响,更多地投入到该领域研究中来;加强旅游气候学理论研究,不断拓宽研究的领域、视角,深入研究旅游者对气候变化的响应;厘清气候变化对旅游业的影响,提出旅游业对气候变化的适应与对策,不断丰富、完善旅游气候学研究。

关键词: 旅游气候学;旅游;气候;研究进展

Abstract:

Global climate has experienced a remarkable change of warming since the 1980s. Global climate warming has aroused much attention from society and scientist due to its impacts. As one of the biggest industries in world economy, tourism depends greatly on climate, and the impact of climate change on tourism is no less than that on agriculture. The impact of climate change on tourism has been noticed by IPCC and WTO (World Tourism Organization). Therefore, the branch subject of Tourism Climatology becomes the focus of tourism and meteorology research. However, tourism itself is a complicated system and there are still many uncertainties about climate change. It is very difficult to research the relationship between climate change and tourism. The study on Tourism Climatology in China began in the 1980s, lagging 20 years behind abroad. For all that, it has acquired the rather development for years, but there are still some shortcomings in the research and there are many blind spots that need a breakthrough. In order to enrich this interdisciplinary, the article reviewed the study of Tourism Climatology from total quantity and structure of literature, the research stage, content and the method. According to the reviews, the total quantity of papers on Tourism Climatology in the past years is quite small. The research work focuses mainly on two aspects. The first is climate and weather as tourism resources; and the second is comfort climate condition to tourists' activities. From the 1980s till now, the research of Tourism Climatology experienced four stages. At present, the research is still in its initial stage, and the method system has not been established. For the moment, the research of Tourism Climatology has not been fully recognized by tourism. There are many fields that need to be further explored, such as the influence of climate and weather on tourism destination to tourists' behaviors and the influence of human activities on climate and weather. In the future, we need strengthen basic theoritial studies on Tourism Climatology, especially the interaction between climatic change and tourism. In order to enrich this interdisciplinary, we should expand the field and view of Tourism Climatology research.

Key words: climate, status quo, tourism, Tourism Climatology