地理科学进展 ›› 2010, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (1): 103-109.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2010.01.014

• 产业发展与区域经济 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国热带琼雷生态经济区的建设构想

张义丰1|贾大猛1|谭杰1|宋思雨1|孙瑞峰1,2|刘春腊1,2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所|北京 100101; 2. 中国科学院研究生院|北京 100049
  • 出版日期:2010-01-25 发布日期:2010-01-25
  • 通讯作者: 张义丰(1954-),男,江苏丰县人,研究员,中国地理学会会员(S110006947m),主要研究方向为山区发展战略研究、生态城乡建设规划、农业与乡村发展研究及区域旅游发展规划等。 E-mail:zhangyf@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金重点项目(40635029)

The Concept on Establishing Qiong-Lei Ecological Economic Zone in China's Tropics

ZHANG Yifeng1, JIA Dameng1, TAN Jie1, SONG Siyu1, SUN Ruifeng1,2, LIU Chunla1,2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Online:2010-01-25 Published:2010-01-25

摘要:

生态经济区克服了传统经济区生态环境约束下的经济增长瓶颈,是区域经济发展的重要内容和方向。目前黄河三角洲高效生态经济区和鄱阳湖生态经济区的建设都已引起国家的高度关注。琼雷生态经济区是在充分考虑了湛江市(雷州半岛)和海南省(海南岛)地区热带资源禀赋、生态环境脆弱性及经济空间紧密性的基础上提出来的战略构想。琼雷地区生态本底较好;热带作物资源、海洋资源及港口资源十分丰富,热带特色显著;经济结构以一、三产业为主,生态恢复与维护成本较小;存在地缘一致性和经济紧密性,有一定区域联系基础。但同时本区域存在生态环境的脆弱性,影响区域生态安全的因素较多,因此必须坚持生态主导下的经济发展原则。为此,建立中国热带琼雷生态经济区是必要的和及时的。本文从宏观的角度,详细分析了琼雷生态经济区的功能定位和建设的主要内容,以期在中国的典型热带区域打造生态经济区发展平台,构筑中国热带生态经济发展高地。

关键词: 中国热带;雷州半岛;海南岛;生态经济区

Abstract:

Ecological economic zone that breaks through the bottleneck of economic growth within the ecological limits found in traditional economic zone is the main content and developing direction of regional economy. The current construction of efficient ecological economic zone in Huanghe Delta and Poyang Lake has attracted much attention from the central and local governments. Qiong-Lei ecological economic zone is a strategic concept that was proposed based on the analysis of tropic resources, ecological vulnerability and their spatial connection in Zhanjiang city (Leizhou Peninsula) and Hainan Province. Qiong-Lei area, belonging to the tropics, is rich in tropic crops, sea resources and harbours. Its industries are mainly composed of primary and tertiary industries. They have regional consistency and tight economic connection. However, due to some existing many factors influencing regional ecological safety, the ecology in this area is vulnerable. Thus, it is necessary and urgent to construct Qiong-Lei ecological economic zone and to develop ecology-dominated economy. This paper briefly analyzed the main items of function and economy in Qiong-Lei ecological economic zone, aiming at making a start for the development of tropic ecological economic zone and for the ecological economic integration in typical areas.

Key words: China’s tropics;Leizhou Peninsula;Hainan Island;ecological economic zone