地理科学进展 ›› 2010, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (1): 52-58.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2010.01.007

• 生态与环境变化 • 上一篇    下一篇

人居环境评价在城市规划政策研究中的工具性作用

高晓路   

  1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所|北京 100101
  • 出版日期:2010-01-25 发布日期:2010-01-25
  • 通讯作者: 高晓路(1969-),女,研究员,博士生导师。主要研究领域: 城市地理、城市和区域规划政策、城市经济、GIS与空间分析。 E-mail:gaoxl@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(40671063);中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所知识创新工程所长基金项目

The Environmental Evaluation of Human Settlement as a Tool for Urban Planning and Urban Policy Studies

GAO Xiaolu   

  1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Online:2010-01-25 Published:2010-01-25

摘要:

从认识论的视角出发,提出人居环境评价作为一种工具,在城市规划与城市发展政策中具有三个层面的作用,一是表达,二是交流与合意,三是分析和决策。结合上述观点,对国内外相关研究的进展进行了评述。结果表明,目前,我国人居环境评价的研究成果大部分定位于空间表述,以交流与合意,分析和决策为目标的研究很少,因此限制了研究成果在政策中的深层次应用。为了改变这一现状,急需加强人居环境的价值化评价和政策效果的分析,使人居环境评价上升为更高级的研究工具,以便在政策实践中发挥更大作用。

关键词: 人居环境评价;空间表述;价值化评价;政策分析

Abstract:

From a theoretical perspective, the author argues that evaluation of the environments of human settlement has become an essential tool for urban planning and urban policy studies. In practice, it has three folds of functions: First, it provides a spatial expression tool for describing the current situation of the environments with comparison to that of other places and cities; Second, it helps communicate and get consensus among people and stakeholders in terms of how to improve the environments of human settlement; Third, it is an effective tool for policy analysis and for decision making. The objectives, contents, and principles of the evaluation out of each of the three functions are elaborated. Within this framework, the progress and trends of relevant research were discussed reviewing the English and Chinese literature. It is argued that domestic research on the evaluation of urban and rural environments is inadequate in that most of the current work have focused on the spatial expression of the environments, whereas only a few have put emphasis on the roles for communication and consensus, and policy analysis and decision making. Due to this shortage, the application of the research outcome in urban planning and urban policies is limited. To enhance the policy significance of the studies on the evaluation of human settlement environments, it is necessary to shift the focus point of the study. In particular, the valuation of environments and analysis of policy effects should be strengthened.

Key words: evaluation of human settlement environments, policy analysis, spatial expression, valuation