地理科学进展

• 水土与地表过程 •    下一篇

日本洪水风险管理研究新进展及对中国的启示

翟国方   

  1. 南京大学城市与区域规划系/城市灾害与公共安全实验室|南京 210093
  • 出版日期:2010-01-25 发布日期:2010-01-25
  • 通讯作者: 翟国方(1964-),教授,博导,博士。主要研究方向包括:城市与区域规划,灾害风险管理,日本城市与区域研究。 E-mail:guofang.zhai@gmail.com
  • 作者简介:翟国方(1964-)|教授|博导|博士。主要研究方向包括:城市与区域规划|灾害风险管理|日本城市与区域研究。E-mail:guofang.zhai@gmail.com
  • 基金资助:

    中欧城市与区域合作研究计划项目(FP7-230824 ECURBS);国家重点基础研究发展计划(973)项目(2010CB428506);教育部“留学回国人员启动基金”项目;江苏省“六大人才高峰”高层次人才项目;南京大学“高层次引进人才”基金项目。

Progress in Japanese Flood Risk Management Research

ZHAI Guofang   

  1. Department of Urban and Regional Planning/Laboratory for Urban Disaster and Public Safety, Nanjing University,
    Nanjing 210093, China
  • Online:2010-01-25 Published:2010-01-25

摘要:

日本是一个洪水灾害多发国家,因此对洪水灾害管理非常重视,经过100多年的不断探索和实践,取得了令人瞩目的成绩。本文主要对日本近10年来洪水风险管理研究的动态进行了综述。可以看出,日本在重视工程措施(如:河堤、城市下水道管网)研究的同时,非常重视非工程措施(如:公民防洪意识、实时预警系统、灾害保险等)的防灾研究;另外,还特别重视信息技术的在洪水风险管理中的应用,强调洪水风险沟通和洪灾保险的作用,注重洪水风险防范与城市区域发展的结合,强化洪水风险的综合管理,这些已成为日本洪水风险管理研究领域的潮流。日本的许多经验能为我国的洪水风险研究和管理提供有益的借鉴,如:增加洪水风险研究的资金投入,强化洪水风险形成机制和综合管理的跨学科研究;重视公众参与研究;重视和推进实施灾害保险制度的研究;加快防洪减灾高新技术的研究开发和应用,等等。

关键词: 洪水风险管理, 启示, 日本, 文献综述, 研究进展

Abstract:

Like China, Japan is a country with frequent flood occurrence, but has achieved great progress in flood disaster management through more than 100-year exploration and practice. This paper reviews the literatures on the flood disaster risk in Japan and finds that Japan pays many attentions to non-structural measures such as public flood risk awareness, real-time early warning system and disaster insurance against flood disaster as well as structural measures like levees and urban sewage system. It has become an academic mainstream in Japan that applying information technology in flood management, integrating urban flood risk management and urban development, and implementing integrated flood risk management. Japanese experience may provide many good implications for Chinese flood disaster management. That is, strengthening the interdisciplinary studies on the flood risk mechanism and management by increasing the research investment; emphasizing public participation and insurance system in flood management; and fastening the development and application of high technology such as information technology in flood risk management.

Key words: flood risk management, implications, Japan, literature review, research progress