地理科学进展 ›› 2009, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (6): 984-990.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2009.06.021

• 农业与农村发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

黄淮海地区社会经济空间分异及集聚发展模式

曹志宏1|梁流涛2|郝晋珉1   

  1. 1. 中国农业大学 资源与环境学院, 北京 100193; 2. 河南大学 环境与规划学院|开封475004
  • 出版日期:2009-11-25 发布日期:2009-11-25
  • 通讯作者: 郝晋珉(1960-),男,山西人,博士生导师,教授,从事土地利用规划和区域发展等方面的研究。
  • 作者简介:曹志宏(1980-)|女|汉族|河南遂平人|博士研究生|主要研究方向为土地利用规划和土地经济。
  • 基金资助:

    国家科技攻关项目(2004BA508B01);长江学者和创新团队发展计划项目(IRT0412)

The Spatial Analysis of Socio-economic Difference and its Agglomeration Development Strategy Model in Huang-Huai-Hai Region

CAO Zhihong1, LIANG Liutao2, HAO Jinmin1   

  1. 1. College of Land Resource Management, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China|
    2. College of Environment and Planning of Henan University, Kaifeng 475004, China
  • Online:2009-11-25 Published:2009-11-25

摘要:

区域是一个开放的系统,区际相互作用和相互影响可以导致区域在许多特性上存在高度的相关性。本文采用综合法对区域的社会经济进行评价,并根据不均衡发展原理,利用Moran空间相关指数,对黄淮海地区社会经济空间集聚情况进行分析。结果显示,黄淮海地区各地社会经济在数量上具有差异性,在空间上具有相似性;从时间变化的角度看,近年来区域社会经济空间集聚程度有下降的趋势,区域非农经济发展已经体现出显著的社会经济空间分异格局。黄淮海地区社会经济综合水平比较高的区域主要集中在直辖市、省会、沿海地区和经济区位比较优越的地区,比较低的区域主要分布在黄淮海中部和南部。已经初步表现出4个非农社会经济集聚增长区,它们分别是京津冀经济区、山东半岛经济区、中原经济区和苏皖北部经济区。但是目前中原经济区和苏皖北部经济区核心地带对周围地区的辐射带动作用不够,今后应加强其核心辐射带动能力的培养,以促进区域经济发展平衡和周边经济发展。文章最后根据黄淮海地区经济发展和土地利用的实际,构建了区域社会经济集聚发展战略模式,其实质就是加强区域内部地区间农业生产和非农经济建设的分工与协作,以促进区域土地利用优化布局和提高区域社会经济发展竞争力。

关键词: 综合评价;Moran指数;空间分析;竞争力;集聚发展战略模式;黄淮海地区

Abstract:

As a region is an open system, interregional interaction and influence can lead to high regional correlation characteristics in many areas. This paper evaluates regional socio-economic development level using the method of comprehensive evaluation,and analyses its socio-economic space aggregation according to Moran space correlation index based on the imbalance development theory. Research results show that the socio-economy in Huang-Huai-Hai has the characteristics of differences in number and similarities in space, its social and economic space agglomeration is falling in recent years in time aspect and has reflected significant space differentiation pattern in space aspect. The higher level cities of regional socio-economic development are mainly concentrated in municipalities, capital cities of provinces, coastal areas and economic location in advantageous positions while the lower are mainly distributed in the middle and southern parts, and the region has preliminarily showed four socio-economic agglomeration increasing zones which respectively are Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei economic zone, Shandong Peninsula economic zone, Zhongyuan economic zone and  Su-wan northern economic zone, but their leading roles of economic core areas in Zhongyuan and Su-Wan northern economic zones to the surrounding areas are inadequate,so we should strengthen their core leading abilities  to promote regional economic development in balance and economic development of the surrounding areas in future. This paper structured the socio-economic agglomeration development strategy model in Huang-Huai-Hai Region according to the actual situation of regional economic development and land use, and its essence is to strengthen the regional internal  division and cooperation of agricultural production and non-agricultural construction so as to promote regional land-use optimized distribution and to improve the regional socio-economic development competitiveness.

Key words: competitiveness; agglomeration development strategy model, comprehensive evaluation, Huang-Huai-Hai Region, moran index, spatial analysis