地理科学进展 ›› 2009, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (6): 977-983.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2009.06.020

• 农业与农村发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

统筹城乡视角下村庄整治建设的模式与途径——以三亚市为例

张衍毓1, 2|刘彦随1|王业侨1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京100101|2. 中国科学院研究生院,北京100049
  • 出版日期:2009-11-25 发布日期:2009-11-25
  • 通讯作者: 刘彦随(1965-),男,陕西绥德人,研究员,博士生导师。主要从事土地利用、区域农业与农村发展研究。 E-mail:liuys@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:张衍毓(1981-)|男|山东济宁人|博士生|主要研究方向为土地利用与区域发展。
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金重点项目(40635029);国家“十一五”科技支撑计划重点项目课题(2008BAJ08B03)

Optimal Models and Approaches for Village Renovation Based on  Urban-rural Harmonious Development: A Case Study of Sanya City

ZHANG Yanyu1,2, LIU Yansui1, WANG Yeqiao1   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China|
    2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Online:2009-11-25 Published:2009-11-25

摘要:

我国正处于工业化和城镇化的快速发展期,建设占用耕地将在一定时期内长期存在,亟需寻求有效的耕地占补途径。在当前国际金融危机影响下,我国农村经济需要更加有力的投资拉动,新农村建设也需要找到更加高效的着力点。村庄整治建设作为新农村建设的重要任务,是实现城乡一体化建设的重要环节。通过村庄整治建设及其后续的土地整理构建城乡一体化的土地利用格局是统筹城乡发展的重要途径。在城乡一体化理念指导下开展村庄整治建设,有利于高效配置城乡土地资源,缓解经济建设与耕地保护的矛盾,促进土地要素在城乡(区域)间的高效流动,改善农村生产和生活条件、加快城乡一体化进程。因此,探索总结村庄整治建设的优化模式和途径具有一定的理论和现实意义。本文以三亚市为例,提出了统筹城乡视角下村庄整治建设需要遵循的8项原则:依据村庄发展演变的主导驱动力差异,提出三亚市村庄整治建设的4种模式,即城镇扩展模式、项目带动模式、中心村集聚模式和移民拆建模式。为推动各种模式顺利实施,从农村产业培育和农民就业、多元融资渠道以及土地利用机制创新3个方面探讨了村庄整治建设的长效机制,旨在为其他类似地区的村庄整治建设提供可资借鉴的模式和途径。

关键词: 统筹城乡;村庄整治;土地利用规划;新农村建设;三亚市

Abstract:

Due to rapid development of urbanization and industrialization, cultivated land will be continually occupied by constructions for a long time in future China and efficient approaches for cultivated land supplements are urgently needed to ensure food security. And, affected by the current international financial crisis, China's rural economic development requires a strong stimulation of investment and migrant workers need to find new platform for their employments. More importantly, building a new socialist countryside needs more efficient breakthrough point. As one of the most important tasks in new rural construction, village renovation is an indispensable part of  urban-rural harmonious development. By virtue of village renovation and subsequent land consolidation to build a comprehensive land use system with the concept of unifying urban-rural development is a practical way to achieve urban-rural harmonious development. Village renovation is favorable to efficient land resource allocation, to mitigating conflict between cultivated land protection and urban construction and to flow of land production factor between urban and rural system. So exploring and summarizing optimal models and approaches for village renovation is sufficiently significant to urban and rural harmonious development. Based on the pilot work in Sanya city, eight principles and four village renovation models, namely urban-expanding model, project-leading model, central village-concentrating model and village-pulling down model are put forward in this paper. Additionally, the sustainable mechanism for village renovation is discussed in order to make sure a smooth application of the above models, including agricultural industry cultivation and re-employment for peasants, financing channels and land use system renovation. All the works serve the objective to supply optimal models and approaches for village renovation in similar regions.

Key words: countryside construction, development, land-use planning, new , Sanya city, urban-rural harmonious , village renovation