地理科学进展 ›› 2009, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (5): 805-813.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2009.05.020

• 生态与环境变化 • 上一篇    下一篇

天山北坡区域发展与生态环境协调度评价

唐宏1,2|杨德刚1|乔旭宁1,3|杨莉1,2|王国刚1,2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所|乌鲁木齐 830011; 2. 中国科学院研究生院|北京 100049;
    3. 河南理工大学 测绘与国土信息工程学院|焦作 454003
  • 出版日期:2009-09-25 发布日期:2009-09-25
  • 通讯作者: 杨德刚(1962-),男,新疆阜康人,研究员,博士生导师,主要从事区域发展、干旱区绿洲农业研究。 E-mail:dgyang@ms.xjb.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:唐宏(1985-)|男|四川金堂人|博士生|主要从事农业农村发展、区域可持续发展研究。E-mail:tanghongwa@126.com
  • 基金资助:

    天山北坡经济带战略规划项目;中国科学院“西部博士资助项目”(XBBS200805);新疆维吾尔自治区主体功能规划研究(0743161)

Evaluation of Coordination Degree between Regional Development and Eco-Environment on the Northern Slope of the Tianshan Mountains

TANG Hong1,2|YANG Degang1|QIAO Xuning1|3|YANG Li1|2|WANG Guogang1|2   

  1. 1. Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, CAS, Urumqi 830011, China|
    2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049,China;
    3. School of Surveging and Land Information Engineering, Henan Polyteohnic Unviversity, Jiaozuo 454003, China
  • Online:2009-09-25 Published:2009-09-25

摘要:

选取与区域发展水平和生态环境状况密切相关的34个指标,分别建立区域发展、生态环境综合评价指标体系,利用综合型协调度评价方法,构建了天山北坡经济带区域发展—生态环境协调度评价模型,对区域发展与生态环境之间的协调度及其整体发展水平作了定量研究。研究表明,天北各县市区域发展水平不均衡,生态环境条件不一致,各县市区域发展水平与生态环境的协调性也不尽相同。以协调度为分类标准,结合协调发展度与区域发展、生态环境综合评价指数,将天山北坡各县市分为3种类型:①同步协调型,包括石河子、米泉、阜康、奎屯、昌吉和玛纳斯;②趋近协调型,包括乌鲁木齐、克拉玛依、呼图壁、博乐、奇台、木垒;③生态主导型,包括温泉、精河、乌苏、沙湾、吉木萨尔。针对不同类型区域发展水平与生态环境状况,分析其社会经济与生态环境协调发展的制约因素与关键所在,并在此基础上提出相应的可持续发展对策。

关键词: 协调度;区域发展;生态环境;综合评价;天山北坡

Abstract:

In this research, 34 indexes have been selected to build the regional development sub-system and the eco-environment sub-system for quantitative evaluation, which are closely related to the level of regional development and eco-environment. Accordingly, the regional development-eco-environment index system and synergisticity model of the economic belt on the northern slope of the Tianshan Mountains have been built, with which synthesized evaluation can be done to analyze the coordination degree between regional development and eco-environment and the overall development level. The results show that the level of regional development and the condition of eco-environment in different cities are quite different. What’s more, the coordination level between regional development and eco-environment in different areas are different. Based on the coordination degree, combined with coordinated development degree and the evaluation results of the sub-systems, the 17 cities on the northern slope of the Tianshan Mountains have be divided into three groups: (1) regional development and eco-environment synchronous coordinate region, including Shihezi, Miquan, Fukang, Kuytun, Changji and Manas; (2) regional development and eco-environment approachable coordinated region, including Urumqi, Karamay, Hutubi, Bole, Qitai and Mori; and (3) ecological dominated region, including Wenquan, Jinghe, Usu, Shawan and Jimsar. Finally, corresponding sustainable development strategys for different regions have been put forward.

Key words: coordination degree;regional development;eco-environment;synthesized evaluation;northern slope of the Tianshan Mountains