地理科学进展 ›› 2009, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (5): 791-797.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2009.05.018

• 土地利用变化 • 上一篇    下一篇

土地利用空间优化配置研究进展与展望

罗鼎1|许月卿1|邵晓梅2|王静2   

  1. 1. 中国农业大学资源与环境学院|北京 100193; 2. 中国土地勘测规划院国土资源部土地利用重点实验室|北京 100035
  • 出版日期:2009-09-25 发布日期:2009-09-25
  • 通讯作者: 许月卿(1972-),女,汉,河北人,副教授,主要从事土地资源利用与评价等方面研究。 E-mail:xmoonq@sina.com
  • 作者简介:罗鼎(1984-)|男|汉|四川人|硕士研究生|主要从事土地资源管理方向研究。E-mail: lordainy@yahoo.com.cn
  • 基金资助:

    “十一五“科技支撑课题(2006BAB15B04);中国农业大学科研启动基金项目;2007年度国土资源部百名优秀科技人才计划项目

Advances and Prospects of Spatial Optimal Allocation of Land Use

LUO Ding1, XU Yueqing1, SHAO Xiaomei2, WANG Jing2   

  1. 1. College of Resources and Environments, China Agriculture University, Beijing 100193, China|2. Key Laboratory of Land Use, |Ministry of Land and Resources, China Land Surveying &|Planning Institute|Beijing 100035, China
  • Online:2009-09-25 Published:2009-09-25

摘要:

土地利用优化配置是实现土地可持续利用,促进区域经济快速发展和环境逐步和谐的重要途径。科学的土地利用优化配置能充分发挥土地利用潜力、提高土地聚集效应、保持土地生态系统平衡。以往的土地利用优化配置研究主要侧重土地利用数量结构的优化,却忽视了土地利用空间布局的优化。尽管土地利用数量结构是土地利用合理配置的基础,但是在地域空间上分布不当,就会限制土地利用效率的提高,影响土地资源配置的科学性和精确性。因此如何将各土地利用类型数量在地域空间上进行合理的落位,开展土地利用空间优化配置问题研究显得尤为重要。本文全面地解释了土地利用空间优化配置的概念,系统介绍了国内外土地利用空间布局的相关理论和方法,并从地理学、景观生态学、系统工程和管理学、地理信息系统及遥感和数学模型应用、社会学和政策学等理论角度,对土地利用空间优化配置的发展方向和趋势进行了展望,以期促进土地利用空间优化配置研究的创新和深化。

关键词: 土地利用优化配置;空间布局;研究进展;展望

Abstract:

 The optimal allocation of land use has been one of the important ways to achieve sustainable land use, to promote regional economic development and harmonious environment. More people and less land is the basic situation in China, and more and more farmland conversion to construction land will be a reality in the present phase as China is speeding up industrialization and urbanization process. It is a significant problem which needs to be studied immanently that how to achieve sustainable land use in the process of speedy development of economy. A scientific optimization allocation of land resource can unleash capability of land use, improve concentration effect of land resource and also can maintain a balance of land ecosystems. The traditional optimization allocation of land use study focuses on the optimal structure of the amount of land use, but the study on the spatial optimization of land use is ignored. Obviously, the structure of the amount of land use is the basis for a rational allocation of land use, if we have designed an improper distribution of land use in geographical space, which would restrict the improvement efficiency of land use and affect the scientificness and precision of optimization allocation of land resource, finally we can not achieve the ultimate goal of the optimization allocation of land resources. We must think that how to locate the predictable amount of land use for all types, so the study on spatial optimization allocation of land use is especially important. This paper explained the comprehensive concept of spatial optimization allocation of land use, systemically introduced the related theories and methods of the structure of land use and spatial allocation at home and abroad. From the point of views such as the principle of geography, landscape ecology, system engineering and management, technology such as GIS or RS and application of mathematical model, and sociology and policy, some prospects on land use spatial allocation were made, which aimed to innovate and intensify the study on spatial optimization allocation of land use.

Key words: advances, optimal allocation of land use, prospects, spatial distribution