地理科学进展 ›› 2009, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (5): 751-758.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2009.05.013

• 农业与农村发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

广东新农村建设的区域差异

张效军|汤惠君|欧阳孔仁   

  1. 华南农业大学公共管理学院| 广州 510642
  • 出版日期:2009-09-25 发布日期:2009-09-25
  • 通讯作者: 张效军(1967-),男,新疆人,讲师,博士,研究方向:土地利用规划与管理;土地制度。 E-mail:zhxj0828@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    广东省重大决策咨询研究课题(2007202001)

The Interregional Difference Analysis on the New Countryside Construction in Guangdong

ZHANG Xiaojun|TANG Huijun|OUYANG Kongren   

  1. College of Public Management|South China Agricultural University|Guangzhou 510642, China
  • Online:2009-09-25 Published:2009-09-25

摘要:

广东省新农村建设取得巨大成就,但是在区域层面上还存在较大的差异,这不仅影响到广东进一步推进新农村建设的步伐,也会影响到广东省经济社会持续健康发展、全面建设小康社会以及率先基本实现社会主义现代化战略目标的实现。本文从生产发展、生活宽裕、乡风文明、村容整洁和管理民主五个方面构建了广东省社会主义新农村建设评价指标体系,从四大经济区域层面上对广东省新农村建设情况进行诊断,分析和评判了其新农村建设实现程度和存在的制约因素。研究结果表明:①2006年广东省社会主义新农村建设实现程度75.5%;②在区域层面上,珠江三角洲、东翼、西翼和北部山区的新农村建设实现程度分别为85.3%、71.1%、69.5%和67.0%,区域间差异明显;③各区域的制约因素主要表现在珠江三角洲地区的农业生产组织化程度、农业基础设施和城乡收入差距方面;东翼地区的经济实力、农业生产组织化程度和清洁能源使用率等方面;西翼地区的农业基础设施建设、恩格尔系数、清洁能源使用、饮用水质量以及垃圾实施集中处理程度低等方面;北部山区村的容村村貌和农民生活水平和经济落后方面。

关键词: 新农村建设;评价指标体系;区域差异;广东

Abstract:

Building a socialist new countryside in China is a new idea that is put forward under the guidance of the strategic thinking of emancipation the mind, implementing the scientific concept of development and construction of harmonious society for  rural development in the new era. The new countryside construction in Guangdong Province has gained great achievements, however, at the regional level, there are big differences,which not only affect Guangdong on quickening the pace of new countryside construction, but also will affect it to realize the strategic goals of the economic and social sustainable development, a well-off society as well as taking the lead in realizing socialist modernization. On the basis of building the index system of the socialist new countryside construcion for appraising the effectiveness from the five aspects of the production development, the well-off life, the civil local custom, the neat village and democratic management, this paper analyses the realization extent and the existing constraint factors of the new countryside construction from the four major economic regions in Guangdong Province. The study reaches some conclusion as follows: (1) The current extent of implementation is up to 75.5%. (2) There are significant differences in interregions, where the current extents of implementation are 85.3%, 71.1%, 69.5% and 67.0%respectively in the Pearl River Delta, East Wing, West Wing and Northern Mountainous Areas. (3) The main constraint factors are the degree of organization of agricultural production, agricultural infrastructure and the income gap between the urban and rural areas in the Pearl River Delta; the economic strength, the degree of organization of agricultural production and the rate of the clean energy utilization and so on in the East Wing; agricultural infrastructure, Engel's Coefficient, the clean energy utilization, the quality of drinking water and the waste disposal in the West Wing, and the village profile, the lower standard of living of farmers and economic backwardness in the Northern Mountainous Areas.

Key words: appraisement index system, Guangdong, interregional difference, new countryside construction