地理科学进展 ›› 2009, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (5): 723-734.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2009.05.010

• 旅游休闲与交通 • 上一篇    下一篇

1980年以来中国旅游地学研究文献分析

彭永祥1, 2|吴成基1|张玲1   

  1. 1. 陕西师范大学旅游与环境学院, 西安 710062; |2. 山东工商学院管理科学与工程系, 烟台264005
  • 出版日期:2009-09-25 发布日期:2009-09-25
  • 作者简介:彭永祥(1969-)|男|陕西凤翔人|博士研究生|研究方向为旅游地学。 E-mail:pengyx165@sina.com

Literature Analysis and Progress on Tourism Earthscience in China during the Period 1980-2008

PENG Yongxiang1,2, WU Chengji1, ZHANG Ling1   

  1. 1. Tourism & Environment College of Shaanxi Normal University| Xi’an 710062,China;
     2.Management Science & Engineering College, Shandong Institute of Business &Technology, Yantai 264005, China
  • Online:2009-09-25 Published:2009-09-25

摘要:

中国的旅游地学是围绕地质地貌旅游资源的合理保护及利用研究而形成的一门交叉性学科。根据对417篇核心期刊文献的研究分析指出:①我国的旅游地学研究明显经历了三个发展阶段,即1988年之前的缓慢起步、个别发展阶段,1988-1998年之间的重点发展、学科奠基阶段,1999年以来的快速增长、全面发展阶段;②在地学与旅游这两翼的交叉中,地学旅游一翼同步于这三个阶段相继经过萌芽、隐伏、实践发展逐步成为学科研究的核心与归宿,它是旅游地学有别于其它地学学科的关键支撑之一;③地学旅游资源一翼则通过成因、分类、类型、美学等研究为旅游提供科学及景观美学支撑,其中脱颖而出的旅游地貌学已部分地向纵深发展;④地质公园则是旅游地学的最佳实践平台,是地学与旅游两翼的对接点,目前研究上尚处于前科学化阶段;⑤旅游地学研究已显现出专门化、交叉性与综合性、人文化、管理化、定量化、生态化等6大趋势。

关键词: 旅游地学;地学旅游;地学旅游资源;地质公园;进展与趋势;中国

Abstract:

The research towards tourism geological and geomorphological heritage in China has developed into a sub-discipline of geoscience, which was named tourism earthscience by CHEN Anze et al in 1984. In other countries though similar study exists, there isn’t a corresponding subject. Based on the analysis of 417 Chinese papers of the main core journals dealing with this field during the period 1980—2008, there obviously exists three different seedtimes during the evolution course of tourism earthscience, namely the slow start, conceptual and sporadic research development phase before 1988, the partial development and the subject foundation phase from 1988 to 1998, the fast growth and all-sided development phase after 1999. Coincidentally, geotourism, the one wing of the subject, keeping pace with the three phases, coming through germination, covered development and recent practice phase gradually becomes the core and the end-result of the relevant research. However, the other wing, dealing with geotourism resource, such as Danxia tourism landform etc., has developed to a certain depth forming what is called tourism geomorphology, is the scientific and landscape aesthetics support for tourism. Geopark, as the connecting node of the two wings, is the optimal practice platform of tourism earthscience and the study about it is still in the prescience phase. The research of tourism geoscience in the development is showing a specialization, integrated and cross-cutting, humanization, management, ecologization, and quantification trend.

Key words: China, geopark, geotourism, geotourism resources, progress and trend, tourism earthscience