地理科学进展 ›› 2009, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (5): 705-712.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2009.05.008

• 旅游休闲与交通 • 上一篇    下一篇

旅游流空间模式的基本理论及问题辨析

钟士恩|张捷|任黎秀|李倩|董雪旺|李敏   

  1. 南京大学地理与海洋科学学院|南京210093
  • 出版日期:2009-09-25 发布日期:2009-09-25
  • 作者简介:钟士恩(1983-)|男|山东枣庄人|博士研究生|研究方向为旅游流和旅游地理学、边缘旅游与可持续发展。E-mail:fgh1475@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(40371030)

Concentration on Problems within Spatial Pattern of Tourist Flow in the Way of Critical Thinking

ZHONG Shien, ZHANG Jie, REN Lixiu, LI Qian,DONG Xuewang, LI Ming   

  1. School of Geographic and Oceanographic Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 China
  • Online:2009-09-25 Published:2009-09-25

摘要:

通过文献分析法,将旅游流空间模式基本理论梳理为圈层结构理论、核心边缘理论、空间扩散理论。并对研究中存在的若干问题给予凝视和批判式思考,以期从理论意义上深化旅游流基本问题的建构。6大问题为:①旅游者个体旅行行为和旅游流的社会群体行为相混淆的问题;②多数研究存在“二元陷阱”现象,将旅游客源地、旅游目的地割裂分别研究;③大多数研究往往将区域界定为仅具有出游(旅游客源地)或入游(旅游目的地)职能,这同“现实中许多区域在不同程度上既是客源地,又是目的地”相矛盾;④尚未辨析区域内部流和区域间流的辨证关系和各自旅游意义,部分研究甚至将区域内部流叠加到区域尺度上的旅游系统分析中;⑤旅游流空间扩散的方向性倾向仍侧重定量描述,方向性倾向的基本指向及其指向类型仍需科学的界定;⑥国内现有研究较少从动态机制上驻足空间扩散,特别是多目的地旅行行为。

关键词: 旅游流;旅游O—D系统;空间模式;方向性倾向;二元陷阱

Abstract:

Tourist flow is a basic question of tourism geography. Examinations on spatial patterns of tourist flow have long been a hot issue since the 1950s. This article classifies the spatial patterns of tourist flow into three basic theories, i.e., concentric zone theory, centre-periphery theory, spatial diffusion theory, based on literature review. Then, six main issues existing in tourism studies are revealed with critical thinking with the aim to deepen the construction of tourist flow from theoretical perspective. (1) There exists confusion between “regional perspective” for tourist flow and “individual tourists perspective” for individual tourists. (2) A phenomenon of “dual trap” dissevers the intrinsic relationship between tourist origin and tourist destination. (3) One-way  arbitrary  specification,  i.e. , regions  are  specified functioning absolutely as tourist origins or as tourist destinations. So it contradicts the known facts that regions have double functions attracting tourists while emitting tourist flow to some extent. (4) Intra-regional  tourist  flow and  inter-regional  tourist  flow, which have different connotations and meanings, have not been scientifically analyzed. (5) Diagnoses of basic pointing types and quantitative measurement of directional bias are also absent. (6) Spatial diffusion of tourist flow is weaker than the foreign countries, especially for multi-destination travel.

Key words: directional bias, dual trap, spatial pattern, tourist flow, tourist O-D system