地理科学进展 ›› 2009, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (5): 673-682.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2009.05.004

• 产业发展与区域经济 • 上一篇    下一篇

深圳数字电视产业的地理集聚——研究高新技术创新集群的一个尝试

王缉慈|王敬甯|姜冀轩   

  1. 北京大学城市与环境学院|北京 100871
  • 出版日期:2009-09-25 发布日期:2009-09-25
  • 通讯作者: 王缉慈(1946-),女,教授,博士生导师,主要研究方向为产业集群与区域发展。 E-mail:wjc@pku.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金重点项目(40535027)

An Analysis of Shenzhen Cable DTV Geographical Agglomeration: A Case Study of High-tech Innovation Cluster

WANG Jici, WANG Jingning, JIANG Jixuan   

  1. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Online:2009-09-25 Published:2009-09-25

摘要:

选择深圳的数字电视产业作为研究对象,对高新技术产业的创新集群进行尝试性的研究。深圳在中国数字电视产业及其技术发展中十分值得关注。深圳数字电视产业的相关企业有76%分布在南山区和福田区,地理空间集聚态势明显。通过实地调研和数据分析,揭示了相关企业之间诸多联系且促进企业技术创新的内生机制。研究发现深圳数字电视产业具有产业结构复杂化与多部门合作的集群特征,很多企业已经产生技术创新的内生需求。本研究推断,深圳数字电视产业的创新集群正在形成过程中;深圳良好的创业环境、企业与研究机构之间近距离合作等因素,尤其是深圳政府政策对产业的促进,塑造出创新集群的轮廓。但是,目前在数字电视关键芯片研发和内容制造质量等方面还存在问题,限制了深圳数字电视产业创新的速度。

关键词: 地理集聚;创新集群;数字电视产业;深圳

Abstract:

In view of international experiences, extensive local inter-firm linkages, untraded-interdependence, as well as local context within which tacit knowledge and local buzz play a tremendous role in the process of innovation. This paper tries to study the high-tech innovation cluster with the reference of the digital television (DTV) industrial clustering phenomenon in Shenzhen, China. The paper explores the formation of innovation cluster in Shenzhen and illustrates the linkages among the related firms. It can be inferred that the Shenzhen DTV innovation cluster is in the making. In Shenzhen, there is 70% of the DTV related firms cluster in the Nanshan and Futian districts. The industry is characterized with complex structure and multi-sectored collaboration. Innovative requirements and ideas came about in many DTV related firms. The innovative milieu encourages the start-ups and spin-offs grow up, while the government plays a very important role in the development. In the regard of the DTV industry, Shenzhen has become the most developed city in China. The paper also points out, however, there’re still some key problems like the weakness of the R&D capability for DTV chip and the lack of DTV content providers. They all limit the pace of innovation in Shenzhen DTV industry and are to be solved.

Key words: digital television industry, geographical agglomeration, innovation cluster, Shenzhen