地理科学进展 ›› 2009, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (3): 465-470.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2009.03.021

• 生态与环境变化 • 上一篇    下一篇

生态系统服务功能价值核算与地理学综合研究

张伟1,2|张宏业1|张义丰1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所|北京100101; 2. 中国科学院研究生院|北京100049
  • 出版日期:2009-05-25 发布日期:2009-05-25
  • 通讯作者: 张宏业(1957-),男,黑龙江哈尔滨人,博导,研究员。研究方向为土地资源利用。 E-mail:zhanghy@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:张伟(1982-)|男|四川邻水人|博士研究生|研究方向为土地利用与生态评价。E-mail:zhangw.08b@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家科技支撑计划(2007BAC15B03);中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所创新课题(066U0111SZ);林业科技支撑计划(2006BAD26B0204-1)

Evaluation of Ecosystem Services Value and Integrated Study in Geography

ZHANG Wei1,2|ZHANG Hongye1|ZHANG Yifeng1   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China|
    2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Online:2009-05-25 Published:2009-05-25

摘要:

综合性研究既是地理学研究的特点和难点,也是地理学未来发展的趋势。在过去关于地理学的综合研究中,主要存在以下不足:(1)综合性基础理论研究薄弱;(2)自然—人文研究之间的交叉和融合不足;(3)综合的途径和手段偏于定性和单调。因此,当前推进地理学综合研究的关键在于找到一个综合价值尺度,搭起自然系统与经济系统的桥梁。生态系统服务功能价值核算是一项横跨自然系统与社会经济系统的研究。加强生态系统服务功能价值核算研究能够有效地推进地理学的综合研究。最后,结合地理学综合研究的趋势,对生态系统服务功能核算研究进行了展望,提出应从完善生态价值核算的理论基础,改进核算的技术、加强实证研究、提高公众认知度,以及完善相关制度建设等方面推进生态系统服务功能价值核算的研究。

关键词: 地理学;综合研究;生态系统服务

Abstract:

Integrated study is not only the characteristic and nodus in geographic research, but also the trend of geographic development in future. The integrated study in geography mainly had those following insufficiencies in the past: (1) the weakness of basic theoretic study; (2) the insufficiency of overlapping and fusion between nature-humanities researches; and (3) in favor of qualitative and monotonous way of synthesization. So, the shoe pinches of pushing forward the integrated study in geography at present is to find out a synthetical measure of value and evect a bridge between natural and economic systems. Evaluation of ecosystem services value is a hot spot in ecology currently, and is a research stretching across the natural and socioeconomic systems. Its cross-disciplinary characteristics fit well with the demand of integrated study in geography, and reinforcing the evaluation of ecosystem services value research will promote the cognitions of natural key elements and processes, link up the connections between natural and economic systems, provide scientific basis for the harmonization of human-earth relationship, and then boost the integrated study in geography greatly. Finally, combining with the trend of integrated study in geography, this paper brought forward the expectations of evaluating ecosystem services value, pointed out the status quo and problems of this research. Specifically, we should push forward the evaluation of ecosystem services value research with the advices such as making a better theoretic basis of evaluation, improving the technology of evaluation, reinforcing case studies, strengthening public cognitiveness, and consummating the interrelated rules and regulations.

Key words: ecosystem services, geography, integrated study