地理科学进展 ›› 2009, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (3): 460-464.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2009.03.020

• 生态与环境变化 • 上一篇    下一篇

济宁市相对资源承载力与可持续发展

王传武   

  1. 山东济宁学院旅游地理系| 曲阜 273155
  • 出版日期:2009-05-25 发布日期:2009-05-25
  • 作者简介:王传武(1963- )|男|副教授|主要研究方向:人地系统调控与区域可持续发展研究。 E-mail:2234714@sina.com
  • 基金资助:

    山东省软科学项目(2007RKB313)

Relative Carrying Capacity of Resources and Problems of Sustainable Development in Jining City of Shandong

WANG Chuanwu   

  1. Department of Tourism &|Geography, Jining University, Qufu 273155, China
  • Online:2009-05-25 Published:2009-05-25

摘要:

自然资源、经济资源对一个国家或地区的人口起重要的支撑作用,是可持续发展的基础。本文在界定相对资源承载力概念的基础上,采用相对资源承载力的研究方法,以济宁市为研究区,以山东省为参照区,计算分析了1996-2008年济宁市相对自然资源承载力、相对经济资源承载力和综合承载力。结果表明:①济宁市各项资源承载力都处于超载状态;②济宁市自然资源对综合承载力的贡献率占较高比例,是人口的主要承载资源。在此基础上,指出济宁市实现可持续发展存在的相对综合承载力下降、耕地面积减少、煤炭依赖症、三大产业结构不合理等问题,分析了济宁市实现可持续发展具有的平原面积大、矿产资源丰富和旅游资源得天独厚的竞争优势。

关键词: 相对资源承载力;人口;可持续发展;济宁市

Abstract:

Natural resources and economic resources not only play an important role in supporting the population of a nation or a region, but also are the foundation of the sustainable development in that area. In this paper, the relative resources carrying capacity is defined. Then, taking Jining city as the research area and Shandong Province as a reference, the author calculates and analyses the relative carrying capacity of natural resources, economic resources and the synthetic capacity of resources of Jining city from 1996 to 2008. The conclusions are drawn as follows: (1) the carrying capacity of all resources in Jining city is in the state of overload; (2) the contribution of natural resources to the synthetic capacity in Jining city is greater than that of others, which are the principal resources to support population. On this basis, the author points out the problems existing in the sustainable development of Jining city by analysis, such as the decline of the relative synthetic capacity, the reduction of the arable land, the dependence on coal and the irrational structure of the three major industries. Finally, the author also presents the competitive advantages in realizing sustainable development in Jining city, which include large area of plain, abundant mineral resources and nature-endowed superiority in developing tourism.

Key words: Jining city, relative carrying capacity of resource;population, sustainable development