地理科学进展 ›› 2009, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (3): 384-390.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2009.03.009

• 人口与城市发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

出租车司机在外就餐特征研究及规划建议——基于北京市的案例调查

张纯|郑童|吕斌|柴彦威   

  1. 北京大学城市与环境学院 城市与区域规划系 北京 100871
  • 出版日期:2009-05-25 发布日期:2009-05-25
  • 通讯作者: 吕斌,男,北京大学城市与区域规划系主任、教授、博士生导师,中国城市规划学会常务理事暨城市设计专业委员会副主任委员,研究方向为城市与区域规划、城市可持续再生途径研究。 E-mail:lubin@urban.pku.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:张纯(1983-)|女|博士研究生|主要研究方向为人文地理、社区规划。E-mail:zici0723@126.com

Study on Urban Taxi Drivers&rsquo|Out-Dining Characters and Planning Implications in Beijing

ZHANG Chun, ZHENG Tong, LU Bin, CHAI Yanwei   

  1. Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Online:2009-05-25 Published:2009-05-25

摘要:

在21世纪大都市的公共交通系统中,出租车已经成为重要的组成部分。出租车服务便捷、高效的特性,对城市居民的日常生活和商业活动都起到有益促进,从而提升城市空间的整体可达性。本文借鉴时间地理学方法,基于在北京市中心城区分群抽样的小样本问卷调查的汇总分析,发现出租车司机就餐行为空间具有集中在二环路到四环路之间、临近城市快速路、沿对角线方向道路和河湖等分布的特征。采取日路径法对典型案例进行深度剖析表明,出租车司机的居住地和工作班制等个体属性影响长期的就餐习惯,而包括经济支付能力、客源发生量、停车便利性等在内的客观制约因素会影响具体就餐行为的选择。针对目前就餐服务供给与司机就餐时空需求之间不匹配的矛盾,从宏观选址布局和微观场地设计两层次提出设置功能综合的“的士驿站”和汽车穿梭餐厅、并延长现有就餐场所夜间营业时间等城市规划建议,为适应现代化大都市灵活多样的市民出行需求、以及高效城市交通体系构建提供借鉴。

关键词: 出租车司机;就餐行为空间;时间地理学;日活动路径;北京

Abstract:

In the cities of the 21st century, taxicabs become an important component supporting the urban public transportation system. The convenience and efficiency of taxi services will promote the urban daily activities and business activities, so as to increase the accessibility of urban space.  Exploring the approach of time geography, this paper establishes its data base through cluster sampling questionnaire of 350 taxi drivers’ daily activities in Beijing.  It’s found that the out-dining space of taxi drivers is more likely to locate between the second and third rings road, near the expressway, and are intended to agglomerate along diagonal direction streets, river banks and administrative boundaries. Typical daily paths based on in-depth interview of taxi drivers reveal that both individual characters and external constrains affect on the dining time-spatial decision. Specifically, individual characters such as the residential location and serving shifts influence the habit of long-term out-dining behavior, while the constrains such as economic affordability, passengers need and the viability to park influence the selection of a certain dining spot. Responding to the mismatch between dining service provision and taxi driver’s needs, suggestions are put forward from the perspective of urban planning. These suggestions include the establishing of more multi-functional driver’s centers in the gateway of a city and driving-through taking away food cafés, and prolonging the business hours of the existing dining facilities. It’s believed to provide some implications to build up an efficient urban public transportation system which meets the various and flexible daily commuting needs of citizens in the contemporary urban China.

Key words: daily path;Beijing, out-dining behavioral space, taxi driver, time geography