地理科学进展 ›› 2008, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (5): 112-120.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2008.05.015

• 区域发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于系统论的世界能源空间格局分析

朱孟珏1, 陈忠暖1, 蔡国田2   

  1. 1. 华南师范大学地理科学学院, 广州510631;
    2. 中国科学院广州能源研究所, 广州510640
  • 收稿日期:2008-07-01 修回日期:2008-08-01 出版日期:2008-09-25 发布日期:2008-09-25
  • 通讯作者: 陈忠暖( 1957- ) , 男, 重庆人, 教授, 硕士生导师. E-mail:qiaoqiao2311@163.com
  • 作者简介:朱孟珏( 1984- )| 男, 江西赣州人, 研究生, 研究方向为城市发展与规划.E- mail: qiaoqiao2311@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    广东省自然科学基金项目( 06025041) 、广州市哲学社会科学"十一五"规划项目( 07Z47) .

The Spatial Pattern of Wor ld Energy Based on Energy System

ZHU Mengjue1, CHEN Zhongnuan1, CAI Guotian2   

  1. 1. Department of Geography, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China;
    2. Guangzhou Institute of Energy Conversion, Guangzhou 510640, China
  • Received:2008-07-01 Revised:2008-08-01 Online:2008-09-25 Published:2008-09-25

摘要:

基于系统论原理, 从能源系统角度出发, 全面剖析当今世界的能源储量分布、生产、运输和消费空间分布状 况以及它们之间的联系, 同时分析贯穿能源系统问题的3 个量(总量、增量、均量)和2 个结构(能源种类结构, 能源 地区结构)。探讨了世界能源地缘政治格局及其对中国的影响。最后提出世界能源空间格局对中国能源战略的启示: 要建立能源系统观; 改进能源消费结构、发展新兴替代能源, 实施资源节约战略、结构多元化战略; 发展多方位能源 供应渠道, 实施运输保障战略、能源外交战略, 重新建立适应新形势的稳定、经济、清洁、可持续的能源保障体系。

关键词: 地缘政治, 供需平衡, 能源系统, 能源运输, 世界, 资源基础

Abstract:

Based on system theory, the paper analyzes the spatial pattern of world energy including energy resource base, energy production, energy consumption, energy transportation and the internal connection among them. The paper also analyzes three amounts (total amount, increment, average) and two structures (category structure, regional structure), and discusses the pattern of world energy geographical politics and the impact on China. Some suggestions are made as follows. First of all, we must acquire a correct energy system outlook; what's more, China should constantly improve energy consumption structure, develop new energy sources,and carry out resource saving strategy and structural diversity strategy; finally, China must seek various energy import channels, carry out energy transportation strategy and energy diplomatic strategy, and establish a new steady, economic, clean and sustainable energy security system.

Key words: balance between energy production and consumption, energy resource base, energy system, energy transportation, geopolitical strategy