地理科学进展 ›› 2008, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (5): 95-102.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2008.05.013

• 区域发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

长三角集装箱港口体系的偏移增长与演化模式

梁双波1,2, 曹有挥1, 曹卫东1,2, 吴威1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所, 南京210008;
    2. 中国科学院研究生院, 北京100039
  • 收稿日期:2008-03-01 修回日期:2008-06-01 出版日期:2008-09-25 发布日期:2008-09-25
  • 作者简介:梁双波(1979- ), 男, 山东海阳人, 博士生, 主要研究方向为区域经济与运输地理.E- mail: liangshuangbo890@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(40471030); 中科院知识创新工程重要方向项目(kzcx2- yw- 321).

The Total Shift and Evolution of the Yangze River Delta Container Por t System

LIANG Shuangbo1,2 CAO Youhui1, CAO Weidong1,2, WU Wei1   

  1. 1. Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, CAS, Nanjing 210008, China;
    2. Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100039, China
  • Received:2008-03-01 Revised:2008-06-01 Online:2008-09-25 Published:2008-09-25

摘要:

通过分享—偏移(share—shift analysis)模型对近17 年长三角集装箱港口体系的偏移增长状况的研究显示: ①上海港在1994—1998 年间为正偏移增长港, 而在其他两个时段均为负偏移增长港。②宁波港始终为正偏移增长 港, 且偏移增长量一直很大。③沿海港群和内河港群间的偏移增长状况较为复杂, 在总体上, 沿海港群优势不断凸 显, 而内河港群则相反。④在不同等级港口间的偏移增长中, 中型集装箱港口始终居于劣势地位, 大型集装箱港口 近13 年来优势明显, 小型集装箱港口始终居于相对优势地位。⑤长三角集装箱港口体系的发展可初步划为初步发 育阶段、枢纽中心港初步形成阶段和大型深水直挂港加速成长三个阶段, 每一阶段的发展都表现出明显的阶段性 特征和作用机制。上述状况的形成是区域经济发展、国家政策调控、港口资源条件差异、区域通达条件以及集装箱 装卸运价等多种因素长期综合作用的结果。

关键词: 长三角, 集装箱港口体系, 偏移分析, 演化模式

Abstract:

It is interesting to examine the validity of the Hayuth model in the context of the Yangtze River Delta, especially when considering the differences between the coastal container port ranges and rivers container port ranges or different port categories. In this paper, a distinction between small ports (average container traffic for the period 1990- 2006 of less than 100000TEU), medium - sized ports (between 100000 and 400000TEU) and large container ports (at least 400000TEU). Then, share - shift analysis models are used to measure the total shift and the evolution of the Yangtze River Delta container port system from 1990 to 2006. By calculating the concerned statistics, the author holds that there are four obvious features: (1) From 1994 to 1998, Shanghai was one of the major winners in terms of the total shift, but in the other periods, it lost some TEU. (2)Ningbo port has been the major winner in terms of the total shift since 1990 and shows the best performances in the period of 1990- 1994 and 1998- 2006. (3)In the mass, the coastal container port range is superiorior, along rivers container port range is inferior. The net volume of containers shifted between the respective ranges reached an expectionally high level in the third period. In this period the coastal container port range won a potential growth of approximately 607046 TEU to ports situated in the other ranges. (4)In competition, large container port ranges have won much TEU since 1994;middle container port ranges lost throughout some TEU (from a positive total shift of 22109TEU in the first period to a negative shift in the last); small container port ranges have won much TEU since 1990. A systematic analysis has been carried out on the formation of the total shift change. Finally, this paper holds that there are three development stages for this container port system: initial container port development, hub or load center container port and large deep- sea direct container port.

Key words: container port system, evoluation model, shift analysis, Yangze River Delta