地理科学进展 ›› 2008, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (5): 57-63.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2008.05.008

• 气象与水文过程 • 上一篇    下一篇

1950 年以来汾河水沙演变规律及影响因素分析

原志华, 延军平, 刘宇峰   

  1. 陕西师范大学旅游与环境学院, 西安 710062
  • 收稿日期:2008-03-01 修回日期:2008-07-01 出版日期:2008-09-25 发布日期:2008-09-25
  • 通讯作者: 延军平(1956- ), 男, 陕西师范大学旅游与环境学院教授, 博士生导师, 主要从事资源开发与环境治理研究. E-mail:beifeng.007@163.com
  • 作者简介:原志华( 1982- )|女, 汉族, 太原人, 硕士生, 主要从事资源开发与环境治理研究. E- mail: beifeng.007@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    教育部哲学社会科学研究重大课题攻关项目( 04JZD00010) ; 教育部人文科学重点研究基地重大项目(05jjd770013) ; 国家自然科学基金项目( 40671133) .

Analysis of the Runoff and Sediment Development Distr ibution and Influencing Factor of Fenhe River dur ing the Last 50 Year s

YUAN Zhihua, YAN Junping, LIU Yufeng   

  1. Tourism and Environment Department, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710062, China
  • Received:2008-03-01 Revised:2008-07-01 Online:2008-09-25 Published:2008-09-25

摘要:

利用汾河河津水文站1950 年以来的水文资料, 应用多种统计分析方法, 系统分析了汾河水沙的季节及年 际变化规律, 并且对人类活动导致的年径流变化影响进行了估算。研究表明, 汾河流域水沙年内分配极不均匀, 年 内不均匀系数有明显上升趋势, 且越到近期稳定程度越低。水沙的年际变化剧烈, 且在20 世纪80 年代之后年径流 基本都是枯水时段。应用累积滤波器对汾河水沙变化趋势进行分析, 结果显示, 汾河流域水沙均呈减少趋势, 且泥 沙变化幅度大于径流变化。通过降水—径流双累积曲线及对天然径流的还原分析表明, 径流变化趋势在1964 年发 生明显偏离, 从多年平均值来看, 人类活动导致的径流减少量占径流减少总量的75.912%, 人类活动是汾河流域径 流减少的主要因素。

关键词: 汾河河津站, 趋势分析, 人类活动, 双累积曲线, 水沙变化

Abstract:

Based on the hydrologic data from the Hejin station of Fenhe River since the 1950s, the seasonal and annual change of runoff and sediment was analyzed,and the influence of human activities on the runoff was estimated. The results show that the seasonal distribution of runoff and sediment was quite uneven, while there was obvious increase in the Cvy and the degree of stability became lower and lower. The annual distribution of runoff and sediment was different in great scope, annual runoff was rainless period since the 1980s. To analysis the trend of runoff and sediment change using the cumulative filter method, the results show that there was obvious decline, and the variation of sediment change was greater runoff change. Analyses of double mass curve of annual runoff and precipitation showed that the decline in the runoff occurred in 1964. On average, 75.912% of total annual runoff reducition was induced by human activities.Human activities were main reasons of runoff reduction in Fenhe River basin.

Key words: double mass curve, Hejin station of Fenhe River, human activities, runoff and sediment change, trend analysis