地理科学进展 ›› 2008, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (4): 75-81.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2008.04.011

• 城市与区域经济 • 上一篇    下一篇

大连城市社区宜居性分异特征

李雪铭,刘秀洋,冀保程   

  1. 辽宁师范大学城市与环境学院,大连116029
  • 收稿日期:2008-04-01 修回日期:2008-07-01 出版日期:2008-07-25 发布日期:2008-07-25
  • 通讯作者: 刘秀洋(1984- ),山东潍坊人,在读硕士,研究方向:城市人居环境,E- mail:liuxiuyang425@163.com E-mail:liuxiuyang425@163.com
  • 作者简介:李雪铭(1964- ),江苏常熟人,博士,教授,博士生导师,中国地理学会会员,主要从事城市人居环境、城市化与人工地 貌环境变化研究与教学工作.E- mail:lixueming999@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    教育部博士点基金项目(20070165001).

The Pr incipium Resear ch of Community Lodgeable Polar ization in Dalian

LI Xueming, LIU Xiuyang, JI Baocheng   

  1. Urban and Environmental College of Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029
  • Received:2008-04-01 Revised:2008-07-01 Online:2008-07-25 Published:2008-07-25

摘要:

当前人居环境宜居性研究主要集中于城市层次,城市社区的宜居性研究较少,研究社区的宜居,是对城市 宜居性评价的深入,可为城市社区规划提供建议和指导。通过调查问卷的形式,对大连市的社区进行调查,充分考 虑评价因子的代表性和多层次性的特点,选取6 项二级指标和24 项单项指标建立评价指标体系;运用主成分分析 法获得社区宜居度偏好图,采用层次分析法与地理信息系统软件Surfer 8.0 相结合的方法, 对大连市社区的宜居度 进行初步评价,借用比奇的分异度指数的概念,参考其对社会阶层的分异研究,最后得到社区宜居性分异度指数为 27.6。研究结果表明:大连市社区的宜居度整体评价较好, 市内四区存在较大差异;宜居度的高值区主要分布于风景 优美的地区,以及商业活动的中心和行政中心所在地等地区。

关键词: Surfer8.0, 大连, 分异度, 社区, 宜居城市, 宜居度

Abstract:

By the research of the community lodgeable status,we can estimate the city lodgeable and offer the advice and guidance for the community programming of city. This article makes an investigation on Dalian's community by questionnaires, We made a full consideration to the representation and multi - level characteristics of the appraisal factors, and selected 6 second- level indexes and 24 monomial indexes to establish an index system; make use of the basis analysis, we can receive the preference chart of community lodgeable; and make a preliminary appraisal on community lodgeable status in Dalian using analytic hierarchy process and geographic information system software Surfer 8.0 unifies. Finally, by Peach, s differentiation degree conception, we could receive the polarization indexes of the community lodgeable, and the index is 27.6. The findings indicated that, the whole appraisal of the community lodgeable of Dalian is good; there is difference among the four downtown districts. The high lodgeable status areas are distributed in the eco- environmental scenic spots, the commerce activity centers and the administration centers.

Key words: community, lodgeable city, lodgeable indexes, polarization indexes, Surfer8.0