地理科学进展 ›› 2008, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (4): 68-74.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2008.04.010

• 城市与区域经济 • 上一篇    下一篇

武汉城市圈城市区位与可达性分析

陆锋,陈洁   

  1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京100101
  • 收稿日期:2008-05-01 修回日期:2008-07-01 出版日期:2008-07-25 发布日期:2008-07-25
  • 作者简介:陆锋(1970- ),男,博士,研究员、博士生导师,研究方向为:空间数据库管理技术、交通GIS 理论与技术、城市发展与 城市GIS 技术等,已发表学术论文80 余篇.E- mail: luf@lreis.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家863 项目(2006AA12Z209);中国科学院知识创新重点方向性项目(KZCX2- YW- 308).

Location Super ior ity and Accessibility Analysis on Wuhan Metropolitan Region

LU Feng, CHEN Jie   

  1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing, 100101
  • Received:2008-05-01 Revised:2008-07-01 Online:2008-07-25 Published:2008-07-25

摘要:

武汉1+8 城市圈担负着“中部崛起”的重任,在国家经济发展过程中具有举足轻重的地位。本文从空间格局 角度,结合最新的行政区划、基础地理数据库及其统计资料,利用GIS 空间分析方法,对武汉城市圈内部各城市区 位和交通可达性进行了定量分析。结果表明,与全省其他县市相比,目前武汉城市圈内各城市具有明显区位优势。 在圈内8 个地级市当中,孝感市具有最高的区位指标,而潜江、仙桃、天门等三个省直辖市区位指标较低。城市圈各 城市出行时距沿高速公路与国道以及各级道路呈放射状延伸。城市圈内城市间基本实现2 小时可达。武汉和孝感 市拥有最高的出行时距增长速率,天门、黄石和咸宁市出行时距增长速率较低,迫切需要加强其周边交通网络基础 设施的建设。

关键词: GIS, 可达性, 区位, 武汉城市圈

Abstract:

Wuhan “1 +8”metropolitan region plays an extremely significant role in central China's construction as well as in the process of national economic development. From the perspective of spatial pattern, this paper adopts the latest administrative division data, fundamental geographic information database and statistic data to conduct quantitative analysis on both transportation accessibility and regional superiority of the present cities within Wuhan metropolitan region. The result shows an obvious regional advantage for the cities compared with other cities in the province. More specifically, Xiaogan occupies the highest indicators in location among all the 8 cities inside the region while Qianjiang, Xiantao and Tianmen comparatively rank behind. Each city is accessible within two hours from other cities in the region. Wuhan and Xiaogan have the highest increasing speed for traveling time distance, while Tianmen, Huangshi and Xianning behave weak and heed to improve their infrastructure construction.

Key words: accessibility, GIS, location, Wuhan metropolitan region