地理科学进展 ›› 2008, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (4): 61-67.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2008.04.009

• 土壤与环境 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于生态复杂性的湿地生态系统健康评价———以石家庄地区滹沱河岗黄段为例

赵旭阳1, 高占国2, 韩晨霞1, 刘浩杰1, 杨彬云3   

  1. 1. 石家庄学院资源与环境系,石家庄050035;
    2. 宁波市环境监测中心,宁波315000;
    3. 河北省气象局气象科学研究所生态环境开放实验室,石家庄050016
  • 收稿日期:2008-02-01 修回日期:2008-05-01 出版日期:2008-07-25 发布日期:2008-07-25
  • 作者简介:赵旭阳(1959- ),男,河北人,教授,主要研究方向:生态环境与区域可持续发展.E- mail:log2008@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    河北省自然科学基金重点项目(D200500537);河北省生态环境实验室开放基金项目(M- 0609).

Evaluation of Wetland Ecosystem Health Based on the Ecological Complexity ———A Case Study of the Wetland of Hutuo River from Gangnan Reservoir to Huangbizhuang Reservoir| Shijizhuang, China

ZHAO Xuyang1, GAO Zhanguo2, HAN Chenxia1, LIU Haojie1, YANG Binyun3   

  1. 1. Department of Resources &|Environment,Shijiazhuang College,Shijiazhuang 050035, China;
    2. Center for Environment Protection of Ningbo,Ningbo 315012, China;
    3. Meteorology Institute of Hebei Province, Shijiazhuang 050021, China
  • Received:2008-02-01 Revised:2008-05-01 Online:2008-07-25 Published:2008-07-25

摘要:

湿地生态系统是一个非常复杂的组织系统,具有整体性、生态功能、服务功能、自我维持和调控功能。本研 究在生态复杂性理论的基础上,结合河北省石家庄地区的滹沱河岗黄段湿地的特点,从系统结构、系统状态、系统 结构功能和系统协调度四个方面建立湿地生态系统健康诊断的评价体系及健康分级标准,并用模糊综合评判模型 对滹沱河岗黄段湿地的健康状况进行了综合评价。评价结果显示,该湿地系统健康指数为0.619,处于亚健康状态。

关键词: 滹沱河, 健康评价, 生态复杂性, 生态系统, 湿地

Abstract:

The wetland ecosystem is very complex, which has many characteristics and functions, such as integration, ecology, service, self- maintenance and autoregulation. Based on the ecological complexity theory, the paper analyses the wetland characteristics of Hutuo river from Gangnan reservoir to Huangbizhuang reservoir, and constructs the evaluation system and the standards of the health ranks to diagnose and evaluate the wetland ecosystem health from four aspects: structure, state, function and coordination with the fuzzy comprehensive evaluation model. The result shows that the wetland is in sub- health.

Key words: ecological complexity, ecosystem, health evaluation, Hutuo river, wetland