地理科学进展 ›› 2008, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (4): 42-50.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2008.04.007

• 土壤与环境 • 上一篇    下一篇

土壤质量时空变异及其与环境因子的时空关系

邱扬1, 王勇2, 傅伯杰3, 王军4, 孟庆华5   

  1. 1. 北京师范大学地理学与遥感科学学院,北京100875;
    2. 北京林业大学,北京100083;
    3. 中国科学院生态环境研究中心城市与区域生态国家重点实验室,北京100085;
    4. 国土资源部土地整理中心,北京100035;
    5. 国家林业局林业规划设计院,北京100055
  • 收稿日期:2008-02-01 修回日期:2008-05-01 出版日期:2008-07-25 发布日期:2008-07-25
  • 作者简介:邱扬(1969- ),男,博士,副教授.研究方向:生态环境及植物分类等方面.E- mail:qiuyang69@263.net qiuyang69@bnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家重点基础研究发展计划(2007CB407204),国家自然科学基金资助项目(40401001, 40501039, 40321101)和中国 博士后科学基金资助项目(2005038048)

Spatiotempor alVariation in Soil Quality and its Relation to the Environmental Factors

QIU Yang1, WANG Yong2, FU Bojie3, WANG Jun4, MENG Qinghua5   

  1. 1. School of Geography, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China;
    2. Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China;
    3. State Key Laboratory of Urban and Regional Ecology, Research Center for Eco- Environmental Sciences, CAS, Beijing 100085, China;
    4. Land Consolidation and Rehabilitation Center, The Ministry of Land and Resources, Beijing 10035, China;
    5. Academy of Forest Inventory and Planning, Chinese State Forestry Administration, Beijing 100055, China)
  • Received:2008-02-01 Revised:2008-05-01 Online:2008-07-25 Published:2008-07-25

摘要:

土壤质量能体现自然因素与人类活动对土地的影响,深入认识土壤质量的时空变异与环境因子的关系对 土地质量改善与土地可持续利用具有重要意义。土壤质量的时空变异是指在一定的景观内,不同时间不同地点不 同土层的土壤特征存在明显的差异性和多样性,由确定性(Deterministic)和随机性(Stochastic)两大组分构成。土壤 质量时空变异是由多重尺度上的土地利用(植被)、气象(降雨)、地形、土壤、人为活动等多因子综合作用的结果,但 是就某一具体地区而言存在重点尺度和主控因子,土壤质量时空变异的重点尺度与主控因子的时空关系因时间、 空间和尺度而异。本文首先介绍了土壤质量时空变异的概念与内涵,重点综述了土壤理化特性(尤其是黄土高原地 区)的时空变异及其与环境因子时空关系的研究进展,探讨了土壤质量时空变异的发展趋势,以期对我国土壤质量 的时空变异研究有所启迪与帮助。

关键词: 环境因子, 时空变异, 时空关系, 土壤质量

Abstract:

Soil quality indicates the effects of natural factors and human activities on land resource. It is important for the imporvment of land quality and sustainable land use to understand deeply the relationships between the spatiotemporal variability of soil quality and environmental factors. The spatiotemporal variation in soil quality means the soil properties show the significant differentiation and diversity at different scales of time and space. Actually, the spatiotemporal variation in soil properties is related to the joint - influences of several environmental factors at multiple - scales including vegetation, land use, meteorological factors (e.g. rainfall), topography and soil. However, the key scale and dominant factors are different for the different time, space and scale. In this paper, the concept and characteristics of spatiotemporal variability of soil quality are first intruduced, then the studies on the spatiotemporal variation in soil quality and its relation to the environmental factors are reviewed. The studies on the Loess Plateau in China are stressed. At the same time, the development trends of soil quality variability are discussed, aiming to provide insights into further soil quality study.

Key words: environmental factors, soil quality, spatiotemporal influence, spatiotemporal variation