地理科学进展 ›› 2008, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (4): 37-41.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2008.04.006

• 水系统模拟研究专栏 • 上一篇    下一篇

地表水和地下水耦合模型研究进展

王蕊1, 王中根2, 夏军2   

  1. 1. 武汉大学水资源与水电工程科学国家重点实验室,武汉51027;
    2. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,中国科学院陆地水循环及地表过程重点实验室,北京100101
  • 收稿日期:2008-02-01 修回日期:2008-06-01 出版日期:2008-07-25 发布日期:2008-07-25
  • 作者简介:王蕊,女,武汉大学博士研究生,主要从事地表水与地下水耦合模拟研究.
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(40701027);中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向性项目(Kzcx2- yw- 126).

Advances in the Integr ated Sur face Water and Groundwater Model

WANG Rui1, WANG Zhonggen2, XIA Jun2   

  1. 1. Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China;
    2. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2008-02-01 Revised:2008-06-01 Online:2008-07-25 Published:2008-07-25

摘要:

地表水和地下水的转换及其过程耦合模拟,是水资源开发利用和科学评价的基础。本文归纳了国内外16 种地表水和地下水耦合模型,并根据耦合模型的特点和耦合方式,划分了三类耦合类型,即:紧密耦合型、半松散耦 合型和松散耦合型。对其中比较典型的“四水”转化模型、SWATMOD、MIKE- SHE、MODBRANCH 模型进行了对比分 析,剖析了不同耦合模型的优缺点,为地表水和地下水耦合模拟研究提供了很好参考。

关键词: 地表水, 地下水, 耦合模拟, 研究进展

Abstract:

With the effects of climate change and large - scale human activities, interactions between groundwater and surface water become more and more complex and acute. So studying groundwater and surface water as a whole system is urgent now. There are many integrated surface water and groundwater models, and they are divided into different kinds according to different standard. This paper summarized the existing 16 major integrated surface water and groundwater models at home and abroad,and classified them into close coupling and loose coupling. SWATMOD, MIKE - SHE and MODBRANCH model are described in detail on their functions, structures, coupling methods and deficiencies. At last, key problems to be addressed such as conversion of temporal or spatial scale, soil moisture movement in heterogeneous soil, parameter uncertainty, interactions between stream and ground water are pointed out, and the paper concluded that a complicated system model combining all the components in water cycle is the a trend of integrated models’development in present.

Key words: groundwater, integrated model, research progress, surface water