地理科学进展 ›› 2008, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (3): 134-140.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2008.03.019

• 城市地理与经济地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

大香格里拉地区旅游开发模式比较分析

徐柯健   

  1. 中国地质大学,北京100083
  • 收稿日期:2007-10-01 修回日期:2008-01-01 出版日期:2008-05-25 发布日期:2008-05-25
  • 作者简介:女(1977-),湖南人.大学教师,从事旅游地质与旅游规划研究.E- mail: kejian1977@126.com
  • 基金资助:

    九洲SOD 香格里拉综合考察项目资助.

Compar ison and Analysis of Tour ist Development Models in Gr and Shangr i- la Region

XU Kejian   

  1. China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083
  • Received:2007-10-01 Revised:2008-01-01 Online:2008-05-25 Published:2008-05-25

摘要:

大香格里拉地区指青藏高原东南部横断山区的主体部分,行政上包括藏东南、滇西北、川西南。这里是世界 上少有的生物多样性和文化多样性中心之一,含有特别丰富的旅游资源。根据实地调查和分析,本文将大香格里拉 地区现存的开发模式归纳成三类:明永模式、海螺沟模式和玉龙雪山模式,并对其进行了具体分析。认为明永模式 比较成功,有利于自然保护和增加当地居民收入;几个模式普遍存在的问题包括:大部分都过分追求经济效益;景 区管理存在严重的体制问题,特别是行政权、经营权、所有权三权混淆;国家所有权受到条块的多元分割,国家作为 国有资源所有者代表的地位模糊。同时建议国家人大常委会加强对世界遗产、国家自然保护区、国家地质公园、国 家级风景名胜区等这一类遗产类景区的立法工作,并建立严格监督和管理体系,禁止采取企业化经营模式;尊重和 发挥传统的民族宗教信仰和禁忌在保护自然中的作用;积极鼓励社区居民参与保护和监督;扶持和培育环境NGO, 提高民众的生态和环境保护意识,促进大香格里拉地区的可持续发展。

关键词: 大香格里拉, 海螺沟模式, 明永模式, 玉龙雪山模式

Abstract:

The so- called Shangri- la region is actually the main body of the Hengduan Mountains, administratively including eastern Tibet,northwestern and southwestern Sichuan. It is one of the few hotspots of biological and cultural diversity in the world. According to the nature of the tourist developer, this paper has summed up three models of tourist development in the Grand Shangri- la region, which are Mingyong Development Model, Hailuogou Development Model and Yulong Snow- covered Mountain Development Model, respectively. Then, the paper makes a concrete analysis of advantages and disadvantages of these models. It is shown that they overrun economic benefits and some serious problems exit in the management systems, e.g., the administrative power, managerial authority and ownership are in confusion; the government ownership is multi- separated; the status of the state, a representative of state- owned resources owner, is not clear. The paper suggests that the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress should strengthen legislation on national important landscape resources like the World Heritage sites, national nature reserves, national geoparks, national scenic spots, etc., so as to build a strict supervision and management system. It is also necessary to respect the traditional religious belief and taboo of the ethnic minorities and bring them into play in protecting environment; to encourage communities to participate in protection and supervision; to support and bring up environmental NGOs, to enhance the whole nation’s awareness of environmental protection, and finally to promote sustainable development in the Grand Shangri- la region.

Key words: Grand Shangri- la region, Hailuogou development model, Mingyong development model, Yulong snow- covered mountain development model