地理科学进展 ›› 2008, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (3): 101-119.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2008.03.015

• 城市地理与经济地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

宜居城市的理论基础和评价研究进展

李业锦1,2, 张文忠1, 田山川1,2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京100101;
    2. 中国科学院研究生院,北京100049
  • 收稿日期:2008-04-01 修回日期:2008-05-01 出版日期:2008-05-25 发布日期:2008-05-25
  • 通讯作者: 张文忠(1966-),男,研究员,内蒙古呼和浩特人,主要从事城市与产业发展研究.E- mail: zhangwz@igsnrr.ac.cn E-mail:zhangwz@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:李业锦(1977-),男,博士研究生,海南澄迈人,从事宜居城市、城市与区域经济学研究.E- mail:liyj@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金(40571048)资助.

Review of the Theor ies and Methods of Livable City

LI Yejin1,2, ZHANG Wenzhong1, TIAN Shanchuan1,2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
    2. Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039, China
  • Received:2008-04-01 Revised:2008-05-01 Online:2008-05-25 Published:2008-05-25

摘要:

1898 年霍华德提出的“田园城市”是对城市的繁荣和发展带来昂贵代价的反思。宜居城市的提出,成为解决 城市可持续发展的重要选择之一。目前宜居城市研究还是一个有待深入研究的新领域,本文总结了宜居城市的研 究进展和主要学术观点,重点回顾了宜居城市概念、内涵等研究内容,集中讨论了宜居城市的影响因素、评价体系 和评价方法,并指出宜居城市研究还存在的不足之处和未来的研究方向。

关键词: 理论基础, 评价, 人居环境, 宜居城市

Abstract:

In 1898, Ebenezer Howard, worrying about the problems behind the prosperity of British cities, put forward the theory of "garden city". One hundred years later, with the acceleration of urbanization,the same problems occur in China. Recently, the concept of "livable city"is presented as a realistic choice for sustainable urban development. In 2005, "Livable Beijing" became a strategic development goal of Beijing in its Master Plan. Since then the need for theoretical studies of "livable city"is urgent. However, the research field of livable city is still a new one. The concept and relevant methodology of "livable city"is still vague. On this background, this paper reviews current research progreses and trends in this field, summarizes general understandings of "livable city", and discusses the evaluation structures and methods of it. It also points out three deficiencies in current research: first, theoretical study of "livable city"is still weak, and there are few studies on driving forces of livability; second, in terms of the research scale, studies on urban livability are focused more on city- based studies than on community- based and regional - based studies; and third, for research approaches, most studies have emphasized the method of presenting an evaluation index system, but new evaluation methods are inadequate.

Key words: evaluation, human settlement, livable city, review