地理科学进展 ›› 2008, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (3): 94-100.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2008.03.014

• 城市地理与经济地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

我国资源环境对城镇化问题的影响因素

姚士谋1, 王辰1,2, 张落成1, 陈振光3, 宋平3   

  1. 1. 中国科学院南京地理与湖泊所城市发展研究中心,南京210008;
    2. 中国科学院研究生院,北京100039;
    3. 香港大学城市规划与环境管理研究中心
  • 收稿日期:2008-02-01 修回日期:2008-05-01 出版日期:2008-05-25 发布日期:2008-05-25
  • 作者简介:姚士谋(1940-),男,广东梅州平远县人,研究员、博士生导师,中国城市规划学会理事,南京宏观经济学会副会长 等,已出版专著10 部,主要从事区域规划与城市发展研究,E- mail: yaoshimou@hotmail.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金地球科学部重点研究项目(40535026)以及国家自然科学基金项目(40571055)的资助.

The Influencing Factor s of Resour ces and Environments in the Process of Urbanization of China

YAO Shimou1, WANG Chen1,2, ZHANG Luocheng1, Roger C K Chen3, SONG Ping3   

  1. 1. Nanjing Institute of Geography &|Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, China;
    2. Graduate School, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039, China;
    3. The Centre of Urban Planning &|Environmental Management, the University of Hong Kong
  • Received:2008-02-01 Revised:2008-05-01 Online:2008-05-25 Published:2008-05-25

摘要:

城镇化问题是当代中国社会经济发展的综合性重大问题。涉及到国民经济如何协调发展,达到一个新水平 的根本问题;也涉及到我国的资源环境合理开发利用与长远保护的可持续发展问题。 我国是世界上人多地少、资源十分有限的发展中国家。人口基数达13 亿人,城镇总人口的绝对数量也是世界 最大的国家。因此,资源环境对我国城镇化的影响是巨大的,也是非常深刻的。本论文从我国的城市化概念出发,深 入论述资源环境基础对我国城镇化的影响与制约因素,并对我国的国情条件作了辩证的分析研究。按照科学发展 观的思想,对我国今后城镇化发展提出了符合我国国情健康发展的城镇化道路及其对策。

关键词: 城镇化, 城镇化新对策, 资源环境基础, 综合要素

Abstract:

Urbanization is an important and integrative topic for the development of society and economy in current China, referring to the fundamental problem of how to promote a coordinated and balanced development of national economy and to achieve a new level; and referring to sustainable development that exploits resources appropriately and protects the environment perennially likewise. China is a developing country with a large population, exiguous land and limited resources, whose population base achieves 1.3 billion. And the absolute number of urban population is the highest in the world. Therefore, the influences of resources and environments on urbanization in China are very tremendous and profound. This article commences from the concept of urbanization, discourses the influences and constraints of foundation of resources and environment to urbanization in China in - depth, and analyzes the country's basic conditions with dialectical thought. It also puts forward new points of view for the future urbanization according to scientific outlook on development, and proposes countermeasures based on the country's basic conditions for urbanization.

Key words: foundation of resource and environment, integrative factors, new countermeasure of urbanization, urbanization