地理科学进展 ›› 2008, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (3): 75-79.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2008.03.011

• 土地利用与生态环境 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国和欧盟土地利用规划环境影响评价对比研究

蔡玉梅1, 李天威2, 王昊3   

  1. 1. 中国土地勘测规划院土地规划所,北京100035;
    2. 国家环保总局环境影响评价管理司,北京100035;
    3. 北京师范大学地理学与遥感学院,北京100875
  • 收稿日期:2008-02-01 修回日期:2008-03-01 出版日期:2008-05-25 发布日期:2008-05-25
  • 作者简介:蔡玉梅(1970-),女,铁岭人,博士,研究员,主要从事土地利用规划及战略环境影响评价研究. E- mail: caiyumei@263.net
  • 基金资助:

    国土资源部百名优秀青年科技人才计划资助(2006- 2009).

Differ ence in Environment Assessment of Land Use Planning between China and Europe Union

CAI Yumei1, LI Tianwei2, WANG Hao3   

  1. 1. China Land Surveying and Planning Institute, Beijing 100035;
    2. Department of Environment Assessment Management, State Environment Protection Administration, Beijing 100035;
    3. Beijing Normal University, College of Geography and Remote Sensing, Beijing, 100875
  • Received:2008-02-01 Revised:2008-03-01 Online:2008-05-25 Published:2008-05-25

摘要:

土地利用规划环境影响评价是提高土地利用规划科学性,实现土地资源可持续利用、促进区域可持续发展 的重要工具。从当前我国土地利用规划环境影响评价借鉴国际尤其是欧盟经验中存在的问题出发,在总结我国及 欧盟国家土地利用规划环境影响评价特点的基础上,从土地利用规划及环境内涵、土地利用规划环境影响评价指 标体系和方法、土地利用规划环境评价的空间层次三个方面分析中国和欧盟土地利用规划环境影响评价的差异。 最后从中国土地利用规划环境影响评价的特点出发,提出合理界定土地利用规划与土地利用规划环境影响评价的 内容、建立中国土地利用规划特点的规划环境影响评价体系、发展规划导向的土地利用规划环境评价方法、加强多 学科、多部门合作以及公众参与的建议。

关键词: 土地利用规划, 土地利用规划环境影响评价, 战略环境影响评价

Abstract:

Environment impact assessment of land use planning is an important tool for making more rational land use planning, realizing sustainable land use planning and promoting regional sustainable development. According to analysis of problems when refering to the experience of European Union in the procession of making environment impact assessment for land use planning, the difference in environment impact assessment of land use planning between China and European Union is analyzed. Based on different characteristics of environment impact assessment between China and Europe, we analyze the differences from three aspects: the meaning of land use planning and environment, index system and measures for environment impact assessment of land use planning and spacial administrative levels of environment impact assessment. In the last, there were four measures of making environment impact assessment of land use planning with Chinese characteristic being put forward, including setting up environment impact assessment system for Land use planning, distinguishing the content of land use planning and environment impact assessment for land use planning, the plan - based methodology that should be adopted in environment impact assessment for land use planning, and enhancing collaboration between different subjects and departments. Besides, public participation is also important.

Key words: land use planning, SEA for land use planning, strategy environment assessment (SEA)