Jiang Lipeng, Tan Zhihao,Xie Wen. Rangeland degradation monitoring research based on single time phase MODIS data. Journal of China Rangeland, 2007,29(7):39~43.
 Zhang K, Yu Z , Li X, Zhou W, Zhang D.Land use change and land degradation in China from 1991 to 2001.Land Degradation & Development,2007,18(2):209~219.
 Integrated planning department of Agricultural Ministry. China rangeland construction planning during the period 2000~2050.Beijing:China Agricultural Press, 2000.
 Ellis J E, Swift D M. Stability of African pastoral ecosystems: alternate paradigms and implications for development. Journal of Range Management, 1988，41:450~459.
 Abel N O J, Blaikie P M. Land degradation, stocking rates and conservation policies in the communal rangelands of Botswana and Zimbabwe. Land Degradation and Rehabilitation, 1989, 1:101~123.
 Su YZ, Li YL, Cui HY, Zhao WZ. Influences of continuous grazing and livestock exclusion on soil properties in a degraded sandy grassland, Inner Mongolia, Northern China. CATENA, 2000,59(3):267~278.
 Cai Xiaobu,Qian Cheng,Zhang Yongqing. Changes of biological characters of grassland soils in the degraded alpine rangeland. Journal of Applied Ecology, 2007, 18(8):1733~ 1738.
 Fan Yida,Shi Peijun, Wang Xiushan,Pan Yaozhong. The typical sandy storms analysis in Northern China from the point of RS view. Advances in Earth Sciences,17 (2):289- 294
 Li Yan, Li Kun,Yan Fei. Analysis of the Eco- immigration Problems in the Process of In inner Mongolia. Social sciences of Inner Mongolia (Chinese Version), 2004, 25(4): 142~144.
 Li Xiaochun, Chen Zhi, Ye Liguo, Dong Hua, Liu Min, Zhang Jun, Nie Fuling. The reasonable thinking for the eco- immigration—based on the case of Hunshandake sandy land. Journal of Inner Mongolia University (Social Sciences Version), 2004, 36(5):34~38.
 Dong Ribu. Practice and inspiration of eco - immigration and poverty alleviation. China Poor Region, 2000,l:39~40.
 Gegeng Gaowa. Discussion on the eco- immigration policy in the rangeland zone of Inner Mongolia- Case study based on Xilinguole League. Study and Explore, 2006，3:61~66.
 Liu Ying. Eco- Immigration—the way of sustainable development in the western rural poverty alleviation region. Regional Economics, 2006,6:37~38.
 Wang Genxu, Cheng Guodong. Eco - environmental Changes and Causative Analysis in the Source Regions of the Yangtze and Yellow Rivers, China. The Environmentalist, 2000, 20: 221~232.
 Feng Jianmin, Wang Tao,Qi Shanzhong, Xie Changwei. Dynamics of land desertification and driving factor analysis in the Sourece Region of Yellow River - case study based on Maduo County. Journal of Water and Soil Conservation, 2004,18(3):141~145.
 Farming and Farrier Station of Agricultural Ministry. China rangeland resources. Beijing: China Sciences and Technology Press,1996.
 Editor Committee of Maduo Annals. Annals of Maduo County. China County and Township Yearbook Press, 2001.
 Liu Jiyuan, Xu Xinliang, Shao Quanqin. The tempo- spatial Characteristics of Rangeland degradation in Three River Source Regions of Qinghai Province in recent 30 years. Journal of Geographical Sciences, 2008，63（4）：364~376.
 Bai Wanqi, Shen Zhenxi. Analysis of rangeland degradation reasons in Maduo County, Head Regions of Yellow River. Applied ecological Journal, 2002,13(7):823~826.
 Zhou Huakun, Zhou Li, Liu Wei, Zhao Xinquan, Lai Huizhen. Causes of rangeland degradation and stockbreeding sustainable development in Maduo County, Qinghai Province. China grassland, 2003,25(6):63~67.
 Integrated Assessment Reports of Ecological System Background at the Head Region of Yellow and Yantze River, Research Groups of the Head Region of Yellow and Yantze River, Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natrual Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences,2007.