地理科学进展 ›› 2007, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (4): 121-129.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2007.04.014

• 经济地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

中小企业集群信息技术应用及其影响因素分析 ———以温岭市鞋业集群为例

宋周莺1,2, 刘卫东1, 刘毅1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京100101|2 .中国科学院研究生院, 北京100049
  • 收稿日期:2007-05-01 修回日期:2007-07-01 出版日期:2007-07-25 发布日期:2007-07-25
  • 作者简介:宋周莺(1983-)| 女, 浙江省缙云县人, 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所博士研究生.主要从事 信息技术与产业集群研究.Email: songzy.04s@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    自然科学基金( 40571047) .

Application of New Information and Communication Technologies in Local Cluster s of Small and Medium- Size Enterpr ises ———A case study of the Shoes- making Cluster in Wenling, Zhejiang Province

SONG Zhouying1,2, LIU Weidong1, LIU Yi1   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101|
    2. Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049
  • Received:2007-05-01 Revised:2007-07-01 Online:2007-07-25 Published:2007-07-25

摘要:

近年来, 信息技术的广泛应用正在对产业集群的形成和发展产生着深刻的影响。基于现 代信息技术所形成的网络联系逐渐成为产业集群关系网络的主要内容之一, 是深刻理解产业集 群演化和升级机制的重要方面。特别是, 信息技术可以使产业集群内中小企业空间联系的范围扩 大、时间成本下降, 为其走向全球市场提供便利的条件。本文首先回顾了我国企业信息技术应用 的发展过程与具体形式, 并在此基础上阐述了影响中小企业集群中信息技术应用的主要因素, 最 后以浙江省温岭市鞋业集群为案例分析了这些因素的具体作用。

关键词: 信息技术, 中小企业集群

Abstract:

It is now widely recognized that new information and communication technologies (ICTs) have been changing the way in which firms do their businesses. As such, application of new ICTs will affect the development of industrial clusters, especially those of small and medium- size enterprises (SMEs). Electronic channels based on new ICTs are becoming a major platform of inter- firm relationships within clusters, which is critical to our understanding of cluster evolution and upgrading. In particular, new ICTs can enable small and medium- size enterprises to develop links across far distance and reduce both time and financial costs in establishing those links, and thus facilitate the internationalization of SMEs. This paper firstly reviews the development and major forms of ICTs application by enterprises in China, then discusses major factors affecting the application of new ICTs by SMEs in clusters based on field investigation of five clusters in Zhejaing and Guangdong provinces, and lastly, by using a case of shoes- making cluster in Wenling of Zhejiang province, analyzes the concrete affect of those factors. The majors discussed by this paper include industry- specific factors, enterprise factors, local social and cultural factors and regional information infrastructures.

Key words: cluster of SMEs, new ICTs