地理科学进展 ›› 2007, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (4): 11-22.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2007.04.004

• 生态与环境 • 上一篇    下一篇

洪灾风险评价与区划研究进展

黄大鹏1,2, 刘闯1, 彭顺风3   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京100101|
    2. 中国科学院研究生院, 北京100039|
    3. 水利部淮河水利委员会, 蚌埠233001
  • 收稿日期:2007-04-01 修回日期:2007-05-01 出版日期:2007-07-25 发布日期:2007-07-25
  • 作者简介:黄大鹏(1978-), 男, 安徽潜山人, 博士研究生, 主要从事遥感、GIS 应用与自然灾害研究. E-mail: huangdp.05b@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    水利部"淮河流域管理数字化及其应用研究项目"资助.

Progr ess on Assessment and Regionalization of Flood Risk

HUANG Dapeng1,2, LIU Chuang1, PENG Shunfeng3   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research,CAS,Bejing 100101, China|
    2. Graduate School of CAS, Beijing 100039, China|
    3. Huaihe River Commission, Ministry of Water Resources, Bengbu 233001, China
  • Received:2007-04-01 Revised:2007-05-01 Online:2007-07-25 Published:2007-07-25

摘要:

洪灾风险评价是洪灾风险管理的首要步骤。洪灾风险区划是在洪灾风险评价基础上的宏 观分区, 有助于更清晰的把握洪灾风险的空间格局与内在规律。文章首先对洪灾风险相关概念进 行了阐述, 试图达到理清和规范的目的。然后对洪灾风险评价常用方法和洪灾风险区划研究进行 了评述。目前主要的洪灾风险评价方法有地貌学方法、水文水力学模型与系统仿真模拟方法、基 于历史灾情数据的方法、基于水灾史料和古洪水调查的方法、遥感与GIS 方法、基于洪灾形成机 制的系统分析方法等。最后对洪灾风险评价与洪灾风险区划研究进行了小结, 并指出了未来在洪 灾风险评价与区划的数据基础、洪灾风险评价的时空尺度、洪灾风险区划的理论与方法、洪灾风 险评价与区划的技术手段等方面的可能发展前景。

关键词: 洪灾风险, 洪灾风险评价, 洪灾风险区划

Abstract:

Flood risk assessment is the first step in the flood risk management. Flood risk regionalization, which can help understand the distribution patterns and internal rules of flood risk clearly, is developed based on the flood risk assessment. Firstly, the authors explain concepts of flood risk concerned in order to clarify and standardize them. Secondly, this paper reviews the methods of flood risk assessment and flood risk regionalization. The primary methods of flood risk assessment are geomorphological method, hydrological and hydrodynamic modeling method, system emulation modeling method, historical flood disaster data based method, palaeoflood and historical data method, remote sensing and geographical information system method, system analysis method based on the mechanism of flood, and etc. After a brief summary of the researches on flood risk assessment and flood risk regionalization, some perspectives on flood risk assessment and flood risk regionalization are put forward, such as the data base of flood risk research, temporal- spatial scale of assessment, theories and methods of regionalization, technical measures.

Key words: flood risk, flood risk assessment, flood risk regionalization