地理科学进展 ›› 2007, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (4): 1-10.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2007.04.001

• 地球信息科学 •    下一篇

地理计算及其前沿问题

王铮1,2, 隋文娟1, 姚梓璇1, 廖悲雨1, 吴一平1   

  1. 1. 华东师范大学教育部地理信息重点实验室, 上海200062|
    2. 中国科学院政策与管理研究所, 北京100080
  • 收稿日期:2007-07-01 修回日期:2007-07-01 发布日期:2010-08-06
  • 作者简介:王铮(1954-), 男, 云南人, 研究员, 博士生导师, 研究方向为地理计算. E-mail:wangzheng@casipm.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    中科院知识创新工程重要方向项目(KZCXZ- YW- 305- 4) ; 国家科技支撑计划( 2006BAC07B01) .

Geocomputation and Frontier Resear ch

WANG Zheng1,2, SUI Wenjuan1, YAO Zixuan1, LIAO Beiyu1, WU Yiping1   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Geographical Information Science, Ministry of State Education of China, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China|
    2. Institute of Politics and Management Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080, China
  • Received:2007-07-01 Revised:2007-07-01 Published:2010-08-06

摘要:

地理计算是地理信息科学的核心内容之一, 主要研究地理信息科学的方法学问题, 内容 包括建模、算法、计算体系和一般方法学问题。本文介绍了地理计算的五个前沿问题: (1)地学数据 挖掘从地理学问题出发, 对各种数据作地理学的模型处理和结果计算以发现地理知识; (2)空间运 筹在地理学中的应用日益广泛, 它的算法更加简单严密、精度也更高; (3)多自主体系统模拟已经 成为地理学科学研究中除归纳和演绎之外的第三种重要研究方法; (4) 离散空间的定性计算是进 行地理空间计算的必要基础; (5)本体论的发展是地理信息科学乃至整个地理学发展的需要。

关键词: 本体论, 地理计算, 多自主体系统, 空间运筹, 离散空间, 数据挖掘

Abstract:

Geocomputation, as one of the cores of geographic information science (GIScience), focuses on methodological problems, including modeling, algorithms, computational systems, and the general methodology in the field of GIScience. With the rapid development of GIScience in China, five trends of geocomputation are concluded and presented respectively: (1) Geo- data mining refers to the means of discovering geographic knowledge concerning geographical problems in ways of model processing and computation of various kinds of data; (2) Spatial operational research is widely applied to the field of geography, with its algorithms simpler and more precise and its accuracy higher; (3) Multi- Agent System(MAS) has become the third important method of geography research ranking after induction and deduction; (4) Quantitative computation in discrete space turns into the necessary fundation of computation in geographic space; (5) Geographic ontology is essential to the progress of GIScience as well as the development of geography in general. Some new direction have appeared on geocomputation, they include: 1 computational pattern, as is, Cooperative Computing, Pool Computing; spatial computation complexity; and mappattern recognition.

Key words: discrete space, geo- data mining, geocomputation, multi- agent system, ontology, spatial operation