地理科学进展 ›› 2007, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (3): 68-79.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2007.03.008

• 生态与环境 • 上一篇    下一篇

过去陆地生态系统碳储量估算研究

遇蕾1,2, 任国玉1   

  1. 1. 中国气象局气候研究开放实验室, 国家气候中心, 北京100081|
    2. 中国气象科学研究院, 北京100081
  • 收稿日期:2007-01-01 修回日期:2007-05-01 出版日期:2007-05-25 发布日期:2007-05-25
  • 通讯作者: 任国玉, E- mail:guoyoo@cma.gov.com E-mail:guoyoo@cma.gov.com
  • 作者简介:遇蕾( 1981- )| 女, 硕士研究生, 主要从事古气候与气候变化研究.E- mail: yuleilucky@gmail.com
  • 基金资助:

    科技部“十五”科技攻关项目课题“全球与中国气候变化的检测和预测”.

Recent Progr esses in Studies of the Ter r estr ial Carbon Stor age Change for the Past 20k Year s

YU Lei1,2, REN Guoyu1   

  1. 1. Laboratory for Climate Studies, CMA, National Climate Center, Beijing
    2. Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences| Beijing 10008
  • Received:2007-01-01 Revised:2007-05-01 Online:2007-05-25 Published:2007-05-25

摘要:

准确估算陆地生态系统碳储量并认识其空间分布和时间演变规律是碳循环研究的关键 问题。本文回顾了全球与中国陆地生态系统在碳储量估算研究方面的若干进展, 包括基于各种方 法和资料的主要估算结果及其尚存在的不确定性。重点评述了末次盛冰期和中全新世两个时期 陆地生态系统碳储量的变化及其影响因素, 对8.2kaB.P.以来全球大气CO2 浓度呈现升高的现象 及其可能原因进行了讨论。全新世中晚期全球大气CO2 浓度逐渐升高与旧大陆地区陆地生态系 统碳储量减少的事实是一致的, 新石器时期特别是农业文明开始以后人类活动对陆地植被的持 续干预可能是造成陆地生态系统碳储量减少的原因之一。

关键词: 陆地生态系统, 末次盛冰期, 全新世, 碳储量, 中国

Abstract:

Estimating carbon storage of terrestrial ecosystem and understanding its spatial distribution and temporal evolution are the key to the carbon cycle study. This article summarizes some major results of the estimations of terrestrial ecosystem carbon storage in globe and China, including the existing problems and uncertainties in the studies. Progress in studies of the carbon storage change since the Last Glacial Maximum ( including the Mid- Holocene) and the influencing factors, especially the potential relationships between the changes and the anomalous increase of the atmospheric carbon dioxide since 8.2 ka B.P. is evaluated. A main conclusion that could be drawn from the overview is that the increase in atmospheric carbon gases (CO2、 CH4) concentrations seems coincident with the decline of the terrestrial carbon storage during the mid to late Holocene, and these might have been caused by the impact of anthropogenic activities on terrestrial vegetation during the agricultural era in the old continents.

Key words: carbon storage, China, Holocene, LGM, terrestrial ecosystem