地理科学进展 ›› 2007, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (2): 106-115.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2007.02.012

• 水土资源与利用 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国土地适宜性评价研究进展

史同广1, 郑国强1, 王智勇2, 王林林2   

  1. 1. 山东建筑大学遥感与GIS 研究中心, 济南250101|
    2. 山东师范大学人口资源环境学院, 济南250014
  • 收稿日期:2006-09-01 修回日期:2007-01-01 出版日期:2007-03-25 发布日期:2007-03-25
  • 通讯作者: 王智勇( 1979- ) , 男, 硕士, 专业: 自然地理学。E- mail: wzyerb@163. com E-mail:wzyerb@163. com
  • 作者简介:史同广( 1963- )| 男, 山东莱西人, 博士, 教授, 主要从事资源环境与GIS 应用研究。
  • 基金资助:

    山东省科技攻关项目“3S 技术支持的山东茶树适生环境评价与区划研究”资助( 2004GG2209065)

Progr ess in Resear ch on Land Suitability Evaluation in China

SHI Tongguang1, ZHENG Guoqiang1, WANG Zhiyong2, WANG Linlin2   

  1. 1. Center of RS &|GIS, Shandong Jianzhu University, Jinan 250101|
    2. College of Population, Resources and Environment, Shandong Normal University, Jinan 250014
  • Received:2006-09-01 Revised:2007-01-01 Online:2007-03-25 Published:2007-03-25

摘要:

长期以来, 土地适宜性评价一直在土地规划利用中起着基础性作用。近十几年, 农业土地 适宜性评价持续深入开展, 城市用地、旅游用地、土地整理复垦以及其他用地的土地适宜性评价 日渐增多; 基于此, 土地适宜性评价的理论思想得到了进一步的丰富, 景观生态学被引入土地适 宜性评价, 可持续利用观深入人心; 土地适宜性评价在方法上也有新的发展, GIS 在土地适宜性 评价中得到广泛的应用, 这使得土地适宜性评价更为灵活、科学。

关键词: 进展, 土地, 土宜性评价, 中国

Abstract:

Land suitability evaluation, playing a basic role in land use planning all along, has progressed at a rapid rate since 1990s in china. The land suitability evaluation for agriculture develops continually. The agriculture land suitability evaluations aimed to protect the land in ecologically fragile regions have been put in practice widely, and the evaluations for individual crops have developed steadily. In addition, the evaluations for non- agriculture purposes such as urban land use, tourism land use, land consolidation and other land uses have been popularly and successfully carried out. As the expansion of the land suitability evaluation fields, some new evaluation purposes emerge gradually; and the attention of evaluation factors has been paid to not only natural ones but also social, economic and behavior ones, which have developed the results of evaluation perfection. The new evaluation viewpoint was advanced thanks to the introduction of the landscape ecology theory, and the idea of sustainable land use have been accepted and penetrated into most evaluations. While some conventional methods such as the Weighted Sum Model, the linear Regression and the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) have been applied still to land suitability evaluations, several advanced approaches such as the Fuzzy mathematics Model, the Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) and the Genetic Algorithms have been attempted to improve the evaluation models. Geographical Information System (GIS) has been popularly applied to land suitability evaluation, and the integration of evaluation models into GIS has made the process of land suitability evaluation more flexible.

Key words: China, land, land suitability evaluation, progress