地理科学进展 ›› 2007, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (1): 133-142.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2007.01.014

• 旅游地理 • 上一篇    

旅游系统网络空间分形研究的科学展望

朱晓华1, 乌恩2   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京100101|
    2. 北京林业大学园林学院, 北京100083
  • 收稿日期:2006-04-01 修回日期:2006-10-01 出版日期:2007-02-20 发布日期:2007-02-20
  • 通讯作者: 乌恩, E- mail: wunenbj@263.net E-mail:wunenbj@263.net
  • 作者简介:朱晓华(1972-), 男, 安徽郎溪人, 博士, 副研究员, 主要从事非线性地学研究.
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(40301002) .

Scientific Prospect of Fractal Theory Applied to the Network Space of Tourism System

ZHU Xiaohua1, WU En2   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographical Science and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101|
    2. College of Landscape Architecture, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100081
  • Received:2006-04-01 Revised:2006-10-01 Online:2007-02-20 Published:2007-02-20

摘要:

大自然千奇百怪, 大自然用其"无形之手"造就了奇妙无比的分形世界, 在自然形胜之处, 形成了无数的自然- 人工分形复合体, 它们逐渐吸引人们的关注, 渐进由旅游景物- 景点- 景群- 景区—风景区以及风景区域等而形成不同规模、不同层次的旅游网络系统。旅游网络系统的最基 本要素之一是景区(点), 不同等级、不同层次、不同规模的景区(点) 由各种旅游线路和廊道( 交通 线路) 相串通、连接, 从而形成旅游系统的网络空间结构。文中首先明确指出了将分形理论应用于 旅游地理学研究的科学意义, 系统提出了旅游系统网络空间结构在旅游景点、旅游线路与旅游交 通三方面的分形科学问题; 并进而以北京市旅游景点为例, 定量给出了旅游网络系统空间结构的 分形证据; 最后, 还指出了积极支持开展分形旅游研究对促进我国旅游地理学理论研究水平的提 升和在国际旅游学领域尽快占据分形旅游研究前沿之地的积极意义。

关键词: 分维, 分形, 旅游系统, 网络空间, 展望

Abstract:

Fractal world is constructed by the invisible hands of nature. Coastline, mountain ridges, faults, river basins, and etc. are fractal objects. Human beings select to stay in the beautiful places, so the natural and man- made integrated objects are formed gradually. Then the network space of tourism system is formed accordingly. Mandelbrot stated the uncertainty of the coastline length in his paper "How long is the coast of Britain? Statistical self- similarity and fractional dimension”published in "Science"in 1967. The concepts of fractal and fractal dimension were presented for the first time in that paper and have been applied to quantitatively describe the difference of crooked coastlines of British and South Africa. Based on extensive and thorough observation of a large amount of geographical, geological and economic phenomena, Mandelbrot discovered an inherent character in nature that he called fractal, and he also considered the fractal dimension as a quantitative parameter to describe numerous irregular phenomena in nature. As a new tool to picture the complexity of nature, the fractal theory has been widely used in many fields. Compared with the Euclidean geometry of more than two thousand years of history, fractal and fractal dimension are fitter for describing various complicated objects in nature. The fractal theory has been applied to many fields, which has actually constituted a scientific field with a broad frontier called Fractal. At present, it becomes a field with vast potential for use and application in many disciplines. And no doubt it also provides new analytical capability and scope to the innovation of tourism study. As to the study of tourism, researches on the fractal characteristics and fractal dimensions of the network space of tourism system have not been attempted till now. In this paper , the scientific significance and research aspects are prospected. As a case study of Beijing, the fractal proof is provided in terms of the network space of tourism system. It is useful to advance the theory level of China tourism science.

Key words: fractal, fractal dimension, network space, prospect, tourism system

中图分类号: 

  • P91