地理科学进展 ›› 2007, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (1): 114-122.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2007.01.012

• 农业与生态 • 上一篇    下一篇

农业景观格局演变及其生态效应研究进展

张保华1,2, 谷艳芳2, 丁圣彦1,2, 梁国付1   

  1. 1. 河南大学环境与规划学院, 开封475001|
    2. 河南大学生态科学与技术研究所, 开封475001
  • 收稿日期:2006-08-01 修回日期:2006-12-01 出版日期:2007-02-20 发布日期:2010-08-06
  • 通讯作者: 丁圣彦( 1963- ) , 男, 河南商丘人, 教授, 博士生 导师。主要从事景观生态学和植被生态学研究.E- mail: syding@henu.edu.cn E-mail:syding@henu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:张保华(1971-), 男, 山东莘县人, 在站博士后, 副教授, 研究方向为农业景观生态、土壤地理与农 业发展。E- mail:zhbh710812@sohu.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金(40671175),河南大学博士后科研基金、山东省自然科学基金项目.

Research Development on Driving Factors and Ecological Effects of Agriculture Landscape Pattern Change

ZHANG Baohua1,2, GU Yanfang2, DING Shengyan1,2, LIANG Guofu1   

  1. 1. College of Environment &|Planning, Henan University, Kaifeng 475001, China|
    2. Institute of Ecological Science and Technology, Henan University, Kaifeng 475001,China
  • Received:2006-08-01 Revised:2006-12-01 Online:2007-02-20 Published:2010-08-06

摘要:

农业景观格局演变的驱动力及生态效应研究具有重要的意义, 目前研究主要集中在农业 景观格局及其组分的动态变化, 在驱动力和生态环境效应等方面的研究则是案例较多、归纳总结 和机制研究相对薄弱。分析了形成当前研究状况的原因并提出了今后研究的重点方向, 包括发展 能够反映生态过程的景观格局指数、归纳农业景观演变的驱动机制、农业景观格局变化的生态环 境效应机理研究、发展景观格局整体性指标和长期定位观测数据相结合研究方法、农业景观变化 所带来的生态恶化的恢复因子和恢复方法的研究、加强农业景观规划设计研究和实施、高效农田 景观结构设计机理研究。

关键词: 格局动态, 农业景观, 驱动力, 生态效应, 研究进展

Abstract:

It is very important to research driving factors and ecological effects of agriculture landscape pattern change. Studies at the present time focus on dynamic changes of agriculture landscape pattern and its components, while rarely on induction and mechanism of driving factors and ecological effects. The new development of researches on agriculture landscape pattern change, driving factors, and ecological effects was summarized briefly in this paper, and the study emphasis aftertime was also put forward as follows: developing landscape pattern indexes which can reflect ecological processes (inducing driving mechanism of agricultural landscape pattern change), researching on ecological effects mechanism of agricultural landscape pattern change, developing methods in combination with holistic landscape index and long located observation data, researching on restoration methods in ecological degradation brought by agricultural landscape changes, agricultural landscape planning and actualizing, and designing high efficient farmland landscape structure.

Key words: agriculture landscape, development, driving factors, ecological effect, pattern change

中图分类号: 

  • Q149