地理科学进展 ›› 2007, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (1): 87-94.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2007.01.009

• 模式应用 • 上一篇    下一篇

线状地物的区域影响模型及其 在综合评价中的应用

马欣1,2,3, 吴绍洪1, 康相武4, 杨勤业1, 夏富强1,2, 刘自强3   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京100101|
    2. 中国科学院研究生院, 北京100039|
    3. 新疆师范大学生命与环境科学学院, 乌鲁木齐, 830054|
    4. 中国科学技术信息研究所战略研究中心, 北京100038
  • 收稿日期:2006-10-01 修回日期:2007-01-01 出版日期:2007-02-20 发布日期:2007-02-20
  • 作者简介:马欣(1980-), 男, 博士研究生, 主要从事环境整治方面的研究.Email:max.06b@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家科技攻关项目资助(96-920-09-01).

The Regional Influencial Model of Wir elike Geo- object and Case Study in Compr ehensive Evaluation

MA Xin1,2,3, 1, WU Shaohong4, KANG Xiangwu1, YANG Qingye1,2, XIA Fuqiang3   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China|
    2. Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039, China|
    3. The College of Life and Environment Science of Xinjiang Normal University| Urumq 830054, China|
    4. Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China, Beijing 100038, China
  • Received:2006-10-01 Revised:2007-01-01 Online:2007-02-20 Published:2007-02-20

摘要:

在地理学研究中, 常见各种线状地物对区域的性质产生重要影响。但在区域的综合评价 过程中, 对这种线状地物的影响多采用概化的评估方法操作, 如分区、分带和距离划分等, 并且评 估结果的生成效率较低。经过分析, 线状地物对区域的影响有距离衰减、等级效应、辐合效应和方 向效应等共性特点。通过对比, 发现线状地物对区域影响作用的空间分布属于二维场模型。场的 基本性质是具有空间结构和属性域、连续性、各向同性和各向异性、空间自相关等。为此, 我们提 出采用区域影响场模型对线状地物对区域的影响进行拟合, 并且利用GIS 软件生成线状地物的 区域影响场。通过实例验证, 结果表明运用区域影响场能够较好的反映线状地物对区域的影响作 用程度, 适用于线状地物对区域影响作用的表达。

关键词: GIS, 场模型, 区域影响, 线状地物

Abstract:

In geography study, wirelike geo- objects often have basic influence on regional characteristics, such as fault affecting regional crustal stability, traffic line affecting regional social and economic activity,and etc. But in the process of regional comprehensive assessment, the study of influences of wirelike geo- object currently uses approximate assessment methods, such as setting fixed affecting width or simply making off high, middle and low affecting areas, and etc. And the produce of assessment is inefficient. By analysis, the regional influence of wirelike geo- objects has common characteristics such as: distance attenuation, class effect, congregate effect and direction effect, etc. And the basic feature of field includes spatial construction and feature domain, continuity and differentiability, istropic and anisotropic, self- mutuality, and etc. In contrast to wirelike geo- object influence and field model, the result shows that the distribution of wirelike geo- object influence belongs to 2- D field model and using the feature of field can adequately reflect the characteristic of wirelike geo- object to region. Therefore, we suggest taking the model of regional influence field to imitate wirelike geo- object influence for region. And by using of GIS to form regional influence field of wirelike geo- object, the results show that regional influence field can preferable reflect the degree of wirelike geo- object affected field and is applicable to express the regional influence of wirelike geo- object.

Key words: field model, GIS, regional influence, wirelike geo- object

中图分类号: 

  • N945.1