地理科学进展 ›› 2006, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (4): 49-57.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2006.04.006

• 水、土资源与环境 • 上一篇    下一篇

我国水土保持措施对水资源影响研究综述

李子君1, 周培祥2, 毛丽华3   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京100101|
    2. 山东建筑大学, 济南250101|
    3. 济南大学, 济南250002
  • 收稿日期:2006-04-01 修回日期:2006-06-01 出版日期:2006-07-25 发布日期:2006-07-25
  • 作者简介:李子君(1974-), 女, 博士研究生, 现主要从事土地利用/土地覆被变化的水文效应研究.
  • 基金资助:

    中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所知识创新工程领域前沿项目(CXIOG- A04- 07)资助.

Gener al Review on Effects of Soil and Water Conservation Measur es on Water Resour ces in China

LI Zijun1, ZHOU Peixiang2, MAO Lihua3   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China|
    2. Shandong Jian Zhu University, Jinan 250101, China|
    3. Jinan University, Jinan 250002, China
  • Received:2006-04-01 Revised:2006-06-01 Online:2006-07-25 Published:2006-07-25

摘要:

随着我国政府各有关部门和专业人员对水土流失问题及水资源问题的日益关注, 流域水 土保持综合治理对下游水资源的影响已成为当前解决流域水资源供需矛盾问题的重中之重。本 文在径流小区域尺度和流域尺度上, 分别对我国近几十年来在水土保持单项措施对水资源的影 响以及流域综合治理的减水效益方面的主要研究成果进行了综合分析, 对各重点治理大流域的 减水效益进行了对比分析。最后, 阐述了目前该研究中存在的问题, 并提出今后的主要研究方向。

关键词: 减水效益, 水土保持措施, 水资源

Abstract:

In recent years, with more and more officials and professionals paying attention to the problems such as soil erosion and water loss, the exquisite contradiction between water supply and demand, whether soil and water conservation measures on upper regions would have effect on the amount of water resources of the lower reaches is a scientific issue to be discussed and probed into urgently. Primary achievements of effects of individual soil and water conservation measures on water resources as well as benefits of runoff reduction of watershed management in China have been reviewed and analyzed synthetically on the runoff plots scale and whole watershed scale respectively, and the benefits of runoff reduction of some large watershed have been analyzed and compared with each other . Some existing problems in this research field at present have been expounded and prospect is put forward at last.

Key words: benefits of runoff reduction, soil and water conservation measures, water resources

中图分类号: 

  • S157