地理科学进展 ›› 2006, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (3): 48-54.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2006.03.006

• 水土保持与地貌 • 上一篇    下一篇

分布式侵蚀产沙模型研究进展

蔡强国1, 袁再健1,2,3, 程琴娟1, 秦杰1,4   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 中国科学院陆地水循环与地表过程重点实验室, 北京100101|
    2. 中国科学院研究生院, 北京100049|
    3. 河北科技大学经济管理学院, 石家庄050018|
    4. 华中农业大学, 武汉430070
  • 收稿日期:2006-03-01 修回日期:2006-04-01 出版日期:2006-05-25 发布日期:2006-05-25
  • 作者简介:蔡强国( 1946- )| 男, 研究员, 博士生导师, 主要从事土壤侵蚀、水土保持、流水地貌、流域侵蚀产沙 模拟和GIS 应用等方面研究.E- mail: caiqg@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金资助项目(40271075).

A Review of Distr ibuted Model for Soil Erosion and Sediment Yield

CAI Qiangguo1, YUAN Zaijian1,2,3, CHENG Qinjuan1, QIN Jie1,4   

  1. r>1. Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Key Laboratory of Water Cycle &|Related Land Surface Processes, CAS, Beijing 100101, China|
    2. Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China|
    3. School of Economics &|Management, Hebei University of Science &|Technology, Shijiazhuang 050018, China|
    4. Huazhong Agricultural University,Wuhan 430070, China
  • Received:2006-03-01 Revised:2006-04-01 Online:2006-05-25 Published:2006-05-25

摘要:

随着计算机技术与地理信息系统(GIS) 技术的发展, 分布式侵蚀产沙模型成为当今土壤侵 蚀领域研究重点与发展方向。本文在分析国内外几个主要的分布式侵蚀产沙模型基础上, 探讨了 分布式侵蚀产沙模型的技术路线与技术实现, 最后指出目前我国分布式侵蚀产沙模型研究存在 的主要问题: ( 1) 分布式水文模型的深入研究为分布式侵蚀产沙模型提供了不少借鉴, 但如何在 分布式水文模型的基础上开发侵蚀模块还存在一些问题; ( 2) 目前国内分布式土壤侵蚀模型大都 基于黄土高原而得出, 模型有一定的局限性; ( 3) 当前的大多侵蚀产沙的关系式( 尤其是坡面侵蚀 关系式) 是经验型的, 汇沙的过程考虑得过于简单, 没有深入探讨水文与土壤侵蚀之间的关系; ( 4) 目前大多数分布式土壤侵蚀模型没有考虑次暴雨产流的时间变化与空间变化。

关键词: 地理信息系统(GIS), 分布式侵蚀产沙模型, 技术实现, 土壤侵蚀

Abstract:

With the development of computer and GIS, distributed model for soil erosion and sediment yield has become the developing direction in the field of soil erosion. This paper discussed the technical route and realization of distributed model based on the analysis of the main distributed models home and abroad at present. Finally, the paper indicated some problems of the distributed models for soil erosion and sediment yield in our country: ( 1) there are many problems in the developing of distributed models for soil erosion and sediment yield which are based on the distributed hydrological models, although the latter provides many references for study of the former; ( 2) the distributed models for soil erosion and sediment yield are mainly based on the loess plateau and the models are regional at present in our county; ( 3) most relational expressions of soil erosion and sediment are mainly empirical and the process of soil influx is simply beginning to be considered nowadays; ( 4) the spatial and temporal change of single rain event was ignored in most distributed models for soil erosion and sediment yield at present. In the future, the above problems should be solved in the constructing of distributed model for soil erosion and sediment yield in our country.

Key words: distributed model for soil erosion and sediment yield, GIS, soil erosion, technical realization

中图分类号: 

  • S15