地理科学进展 ›› 2006, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (3): 22-31.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2006.03.003

• 气候变化与环境 • 上一篇    下一篇

松嫩平原西部参考作物蒸散量变化过程

梁丽乔1,3, 闫敏华2, 邓伟2, 李丽娟1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京100101|
    2. 中国科学院东北地理与农业生态研究所, 长春130012|
    3. 中国科学院研究生院, 北京100039
  • 收稿日期:2005-11-01 修回日期:2006-03-01 出版日期:2006-05-25 发布日期:2006-05-25
  • 作者简介:梁丽乔( 1980- )| 女, 博士研究生, 主要从事水文与水资源研究.E- mail: lianglq.05b@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目( 40571029) ; 中国科学院知识创新重大项目(KZCX1- SW- 19- 1- 02; KZCX3- SW- NA- 03; KZCX2- SW- 320- 5) .

Change of Refer ence Crop Evapotr anspir ation from West Songnen Plain

LIANG Liqiao1,3, YAN Minhua2, DENG Wei2, LI Lijuan1   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China|
    2. Northeast Institute of Geography and Agricultural Ecology, CAS, Changchun Jilin 130012, China|
    3. Graduate University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039, China
  • Received:2005-11-01 Revised:2006-03-01 Online:2006-05-25 Published:2006-05-25

摘要:

采用松嫩平原西部34 个气象站1951~2000 年5 个气象要素资料, 运用FAO Penman- Monteith 方程计算参考作物蒸散量, 建立了各站与区域蒸散量序列。运用气候数理统计方法对蒸 散量序列时空变化特征进行诊断分析, 并以点、面相结合的方式揭示气候突变规律。结果表明, 蒸 散量基本上以西南部沙地为高值中心向东北呈带状递减; 近50 年区域蒸散量略呈增加趋势, 研 究区北部的蒸散量增加贡献最大; 区域蒸散量以1962 和1982 年为转折点, 呈明显的阶段性变 化; 在50 年的演变过程中, 区域蒸散量被检测到2 次增加突变和1 次减少突变, 典型站突变发生 时间与区域突变基本相符, 但突变性质存在明显的地域差异。

关键词: Penman-Monteith 方程, 参考作物蒸散量, 时空变化过程, 松嫩平原西部

Abstract:

Reference crop evapotranspiration (ET0) is one of important climate factors, mainly affected by local climate. As related to water balance and energy balance, it decides the shaping and evolvement of geographical environment. With 34 meteorological stations'data including minimum and maximum air temperature, wind speed, air humidity and sunlight hours from 1951 to 2000, ET0 was obtained by FAO Penman-Monteith equation (P-M) for growing season in western Songnen Plain of Northeast China. Then the authors analyzed the temporal- spatial characteristics of ET0 series with climate diagnostic analysis, and the abrupt change points through point - area integrated analyses by Jy parameter and Mann- Kendall methods. The results show that: (i) the high value of ET0 appears in southwest sandy land, and ET0 gradually decreases northeastwards; (ii) ET0 tends to increase in recent 50 years, and the north area contributes most; (iii) taking 1962 and 1982 as turning points, areal ET0 series indicates evident phase changes during period of 1951~2000; and (iv) two upward and one downward abrupt changes are examined in areal ET0 series, and the time of abrupt changes in typical stations is basically consistent with that in study area, but properties of abrupt changes show evident spatial diversity.

Key words: Penman-Monteith equation, process in temporal and special changes, reference crop evapotranspiration, western Songnen Plain

中图分类号: 

  • S161.4