地理科学进展 ›› 2006, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (2): 26-35.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2006.02.004

• 生态与环境 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国的海岸风沙研究:进展与展望

董玉祥   

  1. 中山大学地理科学与规划学院,广州 510275
  • 收稿日期:2006-01-01 修回日期:2006-02-01 出版日期:2006-03-25 发布日期:2006-03-25
  • 作者简介:董玉祥(1964-),男,河南西平人,博士,教授.主要从事风沙地貌与土地沙漠化研究. E-mail: eesdyx@mail.sysu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目资助(40571019).

Coastal Aeolian Research in China: Progress and Prospect

DONG Yuxiang   

  1. School of Geography and Planning, Zhongshan University, Guangzhou, 510275
  • Received:2006-01-01 Revised:2006-02-01 Online:2006-03-25 Published:2006-03-25

摘要:

较为全面地概括和总结了我国海岸风沙研究的主要进展及其成果,包括我国海岸沙丘的类型、分布、成因与发育模式,海岸现代风沙沉积与古风成砂沉积特征,海岸风沙运动观测结果,海岸风沙灾害现状及其防治等。最后,依据海岸风沙研究发展趋势提出了我国海岸风沙研究近期需要特别关注的课题,包括海岸风沙运动的观测与模拟、全球变化与海岸风沙活动关系以及海岸风沙防护研究等。

关键词: 海岸风沙, 研究综述, 中国

Abstract:

Prior to the 1980s, the coastal Aeolian research in China was actually nonexistent. The comprehensive investigation of coastal zones and tidal flat resources of the country during the 1980~1986 period initiated and promoted the coastal Aeolian research. Since then, the study in this respect has been continuously conducted and significant progress has been made in the research scope and depth. This paper summarizes the main progress and achievements in coastal Aeolian research in China,which include coastal Aeolian dune types and distribution characteristics in China, formation and evolution models of coastal Aeolian dunes in China, depositional characteristics of modern and ancient coastal Aeolian sediments in China, threshold wind velocity of coastal sand movement and Aeolian sand flow structure in coastal zones of China, migration rates of coastal dunes, and coastal Aeolian disaster and its control in China. Although substantial results of coastal Aeolian research in China have been achieved and the blank in this research field has been filled, there is a certain gap as compared with other countries because our study in this respect was initiated at a comparatively late date, with a short research history. In view of this, special attention should be paid to the following aspects in future study of coastal Aeolian problem in China. First, observation and modeling of coastal Aeolian movement are the foundation and core of coastal Aeolian study. Observations and modeling of coastal Aeolian movement in the representative coastal zones of China using advanced and practical field observation instruments and techniques are quite essential; Second, in the face of increasingly exacerbating global change situation, actively conducting the research of the relation between global changes and coastal Aeolian evolution process is an important subject in the current coastal Aeolian research; Third, for the protection of coastal Aeolian land, the study on the coastal Aeolian control is also essential.

Key words: China, coastal Aeolian, research summary

中图分类号: 

  • P931