地理科学进展 ›› 2006, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (2): 17-25.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2006.02.003

• 生态与环境 • 上一篇    下一篇

我国生态城市建设的时代意义、科学理念和准则

王发曾   

  1. 河南大学环境与规划学院, 开封 475001
  • 收稿日期:2005-09-01 修回日期:2006-02-01 出版日期:2006-03-25 发布日期:2006-03-25
  • 作者简介:王发曾(1947),河南开封人,教授,博士生导师,从事城市地理学、城市规划与设计、城市生态学研究.E-mail: fzwang@henu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    河南省自然科学基金项目(0311061500).

The Times Significance, Scientific Ideas and Principles of the Construction of Ecological City in China

WANG Fazeng   

  1. College of Environment and Planning, Henan University, Kaifeng 475001
  • Received:2005-09-01 Revised:2006-02-01 Online:2006-03-25 Published:2006-03-25

摘要:

生态城市建设是顺应世界生态潮流,促进我国城市可持续发展的必然道路,具有重大的时代意义。应树立生态城市建设是实现城市可持续发展的唯一战略选择的科学理念,明确生态城市建设的宗旨和要务,抓住城市地域空间这个关键,实施城市开放空间系统的优化。我国生态城市建设应遵循城市—区域生态系统整体优化、生态城市建设与经济社会发展相协调、社会生产力的发展推动生态城市建设、以人为本和利益公平,以及坚持区域创新等科学准则。

关键词: 城市-区域生态系统, 城市生态系统, 科学理念, 科学准则, 生态城市

Abstract:

The construction of ecological city conforms to the ecological trend of the world, and it is a necessary way to promote the sustainable development of Chinese cites. The scientific ideas of choosing the construction of ecological city as the only strategy, understanding the purpose and important tasks of the construction, stressing the key factor of city space, and invoking the optimization of city open space system, should be established. The fundamental aim of the construction of ecological city is: urging the city ecosystem's structure and function to be reasonable and coordinated, realizing the city scale expansion and the connotation optimization by the new growth way, adjusting the city spatial structure and building the open space systems by the intensified way, realizing the high fusion of the city primarily nature environment with the artificial environment by the restoring way, and promoting the city to enter the condition of the sustainable development. The construction of ecological city in China should take the scientific principles of optimizing wholly the city-region ecological system, coordinating the relationship between the construction and the economical-social development, taking human beings as the basis,sharing equal profit, and adhering to the regional creativity. Under the condition of extremely arduous urbanization duty and city burden aggravates in China, it is really a grand project with rich times significance and great interest to the country and the people. We should improve the city ecological environment quality and give impetus to ecological city construction by scientific ideas and principles, from the very beginning.

Key words: city ecological system, city-region ecological system, ecological city, scientific principles, scientificideas

中图分类号: 

  • TU984