地理科学进展 ›› 2005, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (4): 97-105.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2005.04.011

• 高效农业与水土保持 • 上一篇    下一篇

黄河流域节水高效农业建设的紧迫性及途径探讨

邵晓梅1,2, 严昌荣1   

  1. 1. 中国农业科学院农业环境与可持续发展研究所, 北京 100081|
    2. 中国土地勘测规划院,国土资源部土地利用重点实验室, 北京 100035
  • 收稿日期:2005-04-01 修回日期:2005-07-01 出版日期:2005-07-25 发布日期:2005-07-25
  • 作者简介:邵晓梅(1972 -)|女|河北承德人|博士后|副研究员。主要从事土地资源利用及节水农业研究。 E-mail: shaoxmbj@sina.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金(40201004);科技部社会公益项目"北方旱区土壤水分测报评估系统研究";"农业水资源利用与水环境监测重要

Discussion on the Urgency and Ways of High-Efficient and Water Saving Agricultural Construction in the Yellow River Basin

SHAO Xiaomei1,2, YAN Changrong1   

  1. 1. Institute of Agricultural Environment and Sustainable Development, CAAS, Beijing 100081, China|
    2. Key Laboratory of Land Use, Ministry of Land and Resources, China Land Surveying &|Planning Institute, Beijing 100035, China
  • Received:2005-04-01 Revised:2005-07-01 Online:2005-07-25 Published:2005-07-25

摘要:

黄河流域由于水资源短缺,供需矛盾日益尖锐。本文在分析黄河流域水资源开发利用现状与建设高效节水农业紧迫性的基础上,对黄河流域建设节水高效农业的潜力进行了评价,并根据黄河流域上、中、下游水资源特点和农业生产现状对其节水高效农业的建设途径进行了探讨。建设高效节水的现代灌溉农业和现代旱地农业是黄河流域农业用水战略的必然选择。研究结果和结论对该区域维持21世纪农业可持续发展具有重要意义。

关键词: 高效, 黄河流域, 节水农业, 途径

Abstract:

The Yellow River Basin is located in the arid and semi-arid region in the north of China, where less river runoff and precipitation is the basic source of water resources. The basin is with seriously scarce water resources in China, even less in the world. Because of water resource shortage, the imbalance between supply and demand is sharp day by day in the Yellow River Basin. On the basis of analyzing the general utilization of water resources and the urgency of high-efficient and water-saving agricultural construction in the Yellow River Basin, the potential of high-efficient and water-saving agricultural construction is estimated in this paper. Then, the ways of high-efficient and water-saving agricultural construction is discussed based on the characteristics of water resources and the agricultural situation in the region upwards, middle and catchment area of Yellow River Basin. As a result, it is a necessary choice to transform from traditional irrigated agriculture and rain fed farming to high-efficient and water-saving agricultural construction irrigation and modern dry farming in order to realize the sustainable utilization of water resource. The analytical results and conclusions of this paper will provide scientific basis for sustainable agricultural development in the Yellow River Basin.

Key words: high efficient, the Yellow River Basin, water saving agriculture, ways