地理科学进展 ›› 2005, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (4): 19-27.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2005.04.003

• 经济地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

西方金融地理学研究进展及其启示

武 巍1,2, 刘卫1, 刘 毅1   

  1. 国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101|2 中国科学院研究生院, 北京 100039
  • 收稿日期:2005-04-01 修回日期:2005-06-01 出版日期:2005-07-25 发布日期:2005-07-25
  • 作者简介:武巍(1980-)|女|吉林人|博士研究生|主要研究方向为金融地理和区域发展。 E-mail:wuw.03s@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所知识创新工程主干科学计划课题(SZU103)资助。

Progress in Financial Geography in Western Countries and Its Implications for Chinese Geographers

WU Wei1,2, LIU Weidong1, LIU Yi1   

  1. 1. Institute of Geography Science and Natural Resources Research, CAS. Beijing 100101|2 Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039
  • Received:2005-04-01 Revised:2005-06-01 Online:2005-07-25 Published:2005-07-25

摘要:

金融地理学作为一门新兴的分支学科,已受到越来越多地理学者的重视。本文试图总结国外学者在金融地理学领域的研究进展,阐述其当前主要研究议题,提出对我国金融地理研究的启示。国外金融地理学的研究主要经历了以下几个发展阶段:自20世纪70年代以来,地理学家开始关注金融机构在引导特定地区资本流动过程中所起的作用; 80年代,学者们转向研究金融在西方社会中的角色、特定金融制度的空间组织与运作、金融中心的发展、金融流动与产业发展的关系等; 90年代以来,金融地理研究中出现了三个贯穿、且相互增强的研究对象,即解除管制、技术创新及全球化,相关研究中出现了文化制度转向。当前主要研究议题包括: 金融中心的形成、发展及萎缩; 金融排除及其带来的地方货币系统的研究;货币地理学研究等。根据国外的研究进展及经验,我国可以在金融服务网络的空间格局、货币流地域差异、金融排除及其相关的社会问题等方面展开研究。

关键词: 金融地理, 金融排除, 金融中心, 研究进展

Abstract:

Encouraged by David Harvey’s search, Western economic geographers took money and finance seriously for the first time in the 1970s. They focused on the role played by financial institutions in channeling capital to and from particular places. In the 1980s, Western geographers turned their attention to understanding the impacts of finance, spatial organization and operation of financial institutions, development of financial centers, and the relationship between financial flows and the industry’s development. Since the 1990s, based on the “cultural and institutional turn” in economic geography, studies in financial geography have been reshaped by three increasing challenges; which are deregulation, technological innovation and economic globalization. At present, there are three major research themes in the field, i.e., the study of financial centers, financial exclusion and its impacts on society, and the study of money and space. Compared to the progress in financial geography made by Western geographers, as discussed in this paper, studies in the field of financial geography in China are just starting up. Economic geographers in China are suggested to focus their current research in the field on analysis of financial service network, spatial differences of money flow, and financial exclusion.

Key words: financial centers, financial exclusion, Key words: financial geography, progress