地理科学进展 ›› 2005, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (3): 44-49.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2005.03.006

• 土地利用 • 上一篇    下一篇

内蒙中部地区不同生态区土地利用 格局分布特征

徐 霞1, 王静爱2, 贾海坤1, 高 琼1   

  1. 1. 北京师范大学环境演变与自然灾害教育部重点实验室, 北京师范大学资源学院, 北京 100875|
    2. 北京师范大学地理与遥感学院, 北京 100875
  • 收稿日期:2005-01-01 修回日期:2005-04-01 出版日期:2005-05-25 发布日期:2005-05-25
  • 作者简介:徐霞(1977-),女,博士生,主要从事土地利用模拟模型研究。
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目“区域生态系统对气候和土地利用变化响应的集成分析(编号:90211002)资助。

The Spatial Pattern of Land Use under the Different Ecoregion in the Middle of Inner Mongolia

XU Xia1, WANG Jingai2, JIA Haikun1, GAO Qiong1   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Environmental Change and Natural Disaster, Ministry of Education of China, Beijing Normal University|College of Resources Science and Technology, Beijing Normal University|Beijing 100875, China|
    2. College of Geography and Remote Sensing Sciences,Beijing Normal University| Beijing 100875, China
  • Received:2005-01-01 Revised:2005-04-01 Online:2005-05-25 Published:2005-05-25

摘要:

土地利用变化对全球变化和可持续发展有着深刻的影响,同时生态背景因素对土地利用变化也有着相应的反馈关系。采用单元匹配和空间叠加分析的方法,分析了内蒙古中部地区不同自然生态区土地利用空间分布格局特征。其结果表明:不同的生态因素对土地利用空间分布的约束状况不同,土地利用在数量结构和空间格局两个方面存在很强的地带性差异。

关键词: 地理信息系统, 内蒙中部区, 生态区, 土地利用格局

Abstract:

The research of land use is significant to global environmental change and sustainable development. The environmental effect of land use change is profound to water cycle, environment quality, biodiversity, productivity and response capacity of terrestrial ecosystem. The factor of nature and socity effects the spatial feature of land use. Based on the technology of GIS,the article studies several factors synthetically and unifies different units of social data and natural data. After analysis of the spatial feature under the different physical ecoregion in the middle of Inner Mongolia, it is shown that the constraint to the spatial feature of land use is different under different physical ecoregions. The pattern of quantity and space is more different under different physical ecoregions.

Key words: physical ecoregion, the middle of Inner Mongolia, the spatial pattern of land use