地理科学进展 ›› 2005, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (2): 100-105.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2005.02.011

• 经济地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

初探绿色GDP核算方法及实证分析 ——以山西省大同市为例

王丽霞, 任志远   

  1. 陕西师范大学旅游与环境学院, 西安 710062
  • 收稿日期:2004-10-01 修回日期:2005-02-01 出版日期:2005-03-25 发布日期:2005-03-25
  • 作者简介:王丽霞,(1979–),女,汉族,山西大同人,硕士研究生,主要从事城乡国土资源评价与GIS研究。 E-mail: wlx333@sina.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金(40371003)。

An Elementary Discussion and Analysis of Green GDP Calculation Methods ——A Case Study of Datong City in Shanxi Province

WANG Lixia, REN Zhiyuan   

  1. College of Tourism and Environmental Sciences, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi’an 710062
  • Received:2004-10-01 Revised:2005-02-01 Online:2005-03-25 Published:2005-03-25

摘要:

传统GDP未将资源、环境要素纳入国民经济核算体系,不能准确地表现经济发展与资源、环境之间的相互关系。因此用传统GDP衡量一个国家经济发展程度,存在明显不足。绿色GDP是指国家或地区在扣除自然资源及环境污染损耗后新创造的真实国民财富的总量,它能较准确地反映一个国家或地区国民收入水平的状况。文章依据狭义绿色GDP涵义,以山西省大同市为例,结合当地生态资源环境现状,构建资源环境账户虚数指标体系,探讨了绿色GDP的核算方法,并估算了该市2002年的绿色GDP。结果表明:2002年大同市的自然资源损耗为63.86亿元,占GDP的29.29%;环境污染损耗22.18亿元,占GDP的10.18%;绿色GDP为131.33亿元,仅占当年GDP的60.24%,说明该地区经济发展中资源与环境问题十分突出,亟待解决。建议科学、适度、合理地开发利用各类资源,树立市场经济的资源价值观;严格控制污染物排放,加强环境保护治理。

关键词: 环境账户, 可持续发展, 绿色GDP, 资源账户

Abstract:

Traditional GDP can reflect the gross income situation of one country or one region, which is a consolidated standard for measuring the economic development degree of the country or the region. However, the traditional GDP account cannot include the loss of natural resource and environment pollution because of human′s activities by the means of realistic capital and the depreciation . Therefore, Traditional GDP cannot reflect not only the contribution of natural resource to economic development, but also the relationships between the economic development, resource and environment. Green GDP is the real summation of people′s wealth after taking out the loss of natural resource and environment pollution in one country or one region; thus, it can reflect the people′s income situation of the country or the region. In the article, based on the narrow sense of Green GDP, taking Datong city in Shanxi province as an example, and referencing the condition of ecology resource and environment, a resource and environment virtual number index system is established, the calculation method of the Green GDP is discussed, and Green GDP of the city in 2002 is calculated. The results show: In 2002, natural resource loss is 6386 million yuan, or 29.29% of GDP; environment pollution loss is 2218 million yuan, or 10.18% of GDP; and Green GDP is 13133 million yuan, only taking over 60.24% of GDP. The results indicate that the problems of resource and environment are very obvious and should be resolved as soon as possible. Suggestions include: to use all sorts of resource scientifically, moderately and reasonably, to build up the resource price conceptions of market, control pollution, and to reinforce environment conservation and governing seriously.

Key words: continuous development, environment account, green GDP, resource account