地理科学进展 ›› 2005, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (2): 1-12.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2005.02.001

• 生态与环境 •    下一篇

云南沿边境地带生态环境3S监测、 评价与调控研究

齐清文1, 何大明2, 邹秀萍1, 姜莉莉1, 李 晋1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101
    2. 云南大学, 昆明 650091
  • 收稿日期:2005-02-01 修回日期:2005-03-01 出版日期:2005-03-25 发布日期:2005-03-25
  • 作者简介:齐清文(1963-),男,研究员,博士生导师,现任中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所地图学与地学信息图谱研究室主任。主要从事地图学与地理信息系统的理论、方法和技术研究,曾发表论文30余篇,参编专著10余部。E-mail: qiqw@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家重点基础研究发展计划(2003CB415100)之专题(2003CB415105-02)。

Theory, Method and Technology of 3S Based Ecosystem Monitoring, Evaluation and Adjustment Along Yunnan Border Area

QI Qingwen1, HE Daming2, ZOU Xiuping1, JIANG Lili1, LI Jin1   

  1. 1. Institute of Geographic Science and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101|
    2. Yunnan University, Kunming 650091
  • Received:2005-02-01 Revised:2005-03-01 Online:2005-03-25 Published:2005-03-25

摘要:

本文利用全球新千年整体生态系统评估的理论,以云南省沿边境地带生态系统变化跨境生态安全为研究对象,探寻并揭示我国陆疆系统的跨境生态系统变化监测、评价和生态安全综合调控的基础理论与信息机理;进而研究基于“3S”云南沿边境地带的生态环境监测、评价与综合调控的方法和关键技术,包括方法和技术体系的建立、指标体系的建立、多尺度效应和尺度转换、数学模型的建立、综合调控模式和决策方案的建立等;在案例研究部分,建立了背景数据库,然后选择大、中、小尺度进行了全区生态环境现状评价,重点河道、典型路段和重点口岸的影响评价和预测预报研究,最后进行了综合调控模式和方案的探讨,并对研究结果进行了动态仿真和虚拟表达研究。

关键词: 3S监测, 理论方法和技术体系, 生态环境, 云南沿边境地带, 综合调控

Abstract:

This paper probe into and study on the theoretic basis of ecosystem monitoring, evaluation and adjustment along the border of Yunnan Province, using the theory of Global Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. The key points are whether ecosystem can be effectively monitored and adjusted, which features can be identified and monitored by 3S technologies, and in what spatial and temporal dimension they can be monitored and adjusted. Secondly, the method and key technology, including the setup of method & technology system, building of index system, multi-dimension effect and dimension transformation, mathematic model building, and controlling & adjustment mode and decision making, etc., were researched. Thirdly, in case study section, the background database was built, and then large, medium and small dimension sample areas were used in current situation assessment for the whole region, impact assessment for major riverbed, typical road sector and key ports, and forecasting for the border region, respectively. At last, comprehensive controlling and adjustment mode and scheme were made up, and the research results was displayed in dynamically and virtually. From these research activities we got some conclusions, i.e., at first, the study on the theory, method and technology of 3S based ecosystem monitoring, assessment and adjustment, is an important contribution to ecological-environment issues along mainland border of China; secondly, trans-boundary ecological-environment is an item which can be monitored, evaluated and adjusted using 3S technologies which are the most suitable ones extending and strengthening human being’s ability of perception and procession to the nature. Fourthly, what we had done in this field is the beginning for our group, further work will be done deeply and widely.

Key words: 3S based monitoring, adjustment, comprehensive controlling &, ecological-environment, technology system, theory, method &, Yunnan border area