地理科学进展 ›› 2005, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (1): 116-126.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2005.01.013

• 旅游地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

区域旅游系统空间结构的模式与优化 ——以西安地区为例

黄金火1,2, 吴必虎1   

  1. 1. 北京大学旅游研究与规划中心, 北京 100871;
    2. 莆田学院, 福建莆田 351100
  • 收稿日期:2004-10-01 修回日期:2004-11-01 出版日期:2005-01-25 发布日期:2005-01-25
  • 作者简介:黄金火(1964- ),男,福建莆田人,副教授,主要研究方向为旅游开发与规划。
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金资助项目(40371036)。

The Spatial Structure of Regional Tourism System: Its Model and Optimization ——A Case Study of Xi’an

HUANG Jinhuo1,2, WU Bihu1   

  1. 1. The Center for Recreational and Tourism Research, Peking University, Beijing 100871;
    2. Putian University, Putian, Fujian, 351100
  • Received:2004-10-01 Revised:2004-11-01 Online:2005-01-25 Published:2005-01-25

摘要:

本文在分析国内外区域旅游空间结构研究基础上,以西安地区为例,探讨了区域旅游系统空间结构的模式和优化问题。首先,在分析哈格特空间结构模型和冈恩的目的地地带模型的基础上,重新构建了由旅游目的地区域、旅游区、节点、区内路径、入口通道和客源地市场等六个要素构成的旅游系统空间结构模型;并按照旅游开发的时序关系,阐述了该模型在不同阶段的演变形态和特征。其次,实证分析表明:西安旅游区目前的旅游系统空间结构处于放射模式阶段,通过旅游线路体系的完善和空间结构的重组与优化,西安旅游区可演变为较为理想的扩展模式。

关键词: 空间结构, 模式, 区域旅游系统, 西安, 优化

Abstract:

Based on the analysis of the study of the spatial structure of regional tourism at home and abroad, the paper discusses the model and optimization of the spatial structure of regional tourism system, taking Xi’an as an example. Firstly, “the spatial structure model” of Haggett and “destination belt model” of Gunn are evaluated, and the spatial structure model of tourism system is re-constructed, which composes of 6 elements including tourism destination region, tourism district, node, route, gateway and oriented market. Thus, the evolution shapes and characteristics of the model in different stages are explained according to the time order of the tourism development. Secondly, it is proved by the positive analysis that the spatial structure of regional tourism system in Xi’an tourism district at present is at the radiation model stage, and with the re-organization and optimization of its spatial structure and tourism routes, the optimal and perfect model in Xi’an tourism district should be extension model.

Key words: model optimization, regional tourism system, spatial structure, Xi’an