地理科学进展 ›› 2004, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (6): 10-19.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2004.06.002

• 资源与生态环境 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国区域发展的资源环境协调问题

张 雷, 沈叙建, 杨荫凯, 程晓凌, 姜 巍, 吴映梅   

  1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所全球变化信息研究中心, 北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2004-10-01 修回日期:2004-11-01 出版日期:2004-11-25 发布日期:2004-11-25
  • 作者简介:张雷(1951-), 男,北京人,研究员、博导,长期从事资源开发与区域发展研究。E-mail: zhangl@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    本项研究为国家科技部《中国可持续发展信息共享系统研究》和国家发改委《区域发展“十一五”规划前期研究》共同支持。

Regional Development and Its Resource and Environmental Harmony in China

ZHANG Lei, SHEN Xujian, YANG Yinkai, CHENG Xiaoling, JIANG Wei, WU Yingmei   

  1. Institute of Geographical Science and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2004-10-01 Revised:2004-11-01 Online:2004-11-25 Published:2004-11-25

摘要:

随着人口规模和经济发展水平的快速增长,社会经济发展与自然资源基础的协调状态已经成为我国区域社会经济持续发展能力建设的首要任务和基本目标。为此,本项研究选择了决定区域社会经济发展最为关键的5大“公用性资源”并建立相应模型以评价区域发展与自然资源基础协调状态。结果表明,在全国7大区中,以华北、东北、华东、华中和华南5个区条件相对较优,而西北和西南地区的状态相对较差。人地关系对应分析表明,华东、华南、华中和华北4个大区人地关系的紧张状态突出,其中华东区的情况最甚,目前当地实际人地关系压力系数接近6.8,高出全国均值水平33倍。尽管西北和西南的人地关系压力状态远低于其他地区,但是由于自身资源环境基础的脆弱性,当地资源环境大规模开发同样面临严重挑战。作为全国资源环境基础最佳的地区,目前东北区的人地关系依然保有较大演进空间,这也是全国区域发展与资源环境协调的最后希望所在。

关键词: 经济发展, 人地关系, 资源环境

Abstract:

As the scales of population and economy growing up continually, China’s regional development is facing a greater concrete challenge from its resources supply and environmental protection. Our intent is to place the changing pattern of man-land relationship in China’s regional development. A lengthy time perspective is combined with a cross-element approach—five basic natural resources and environment—and addressed through two general models. The findings are salutary. First, the resource and environment base of the seven regions are very diversified. Secondly, rapid economic growth is the determining factor to promote the polarization of the man-land relationship in China’s regional development. Finally, Northeast China is the last hope for the country’s future development when the over-intensity of human activities in most parts of East and Central China, and the over-fragile environment in West. The implications of such findings for China’s sustainable development and environmental management are enormous.

Key words: economic development, man-land relationship, resource and environment