地理科学进展 ›› 2004, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (5): 25-32.doi: 10.11820/dlkxjz.2004.05.004

• 土地利用变化与生态安全 • 上一篇    下一篇

经济快速发展地区耕地资源优化配置模型分析 ——以江苏无锡市为例

刘彦随, 胡业翠, 郑 宇   

  1. 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2004-06-01 修回日期:2004-08-01 出版日期:2004-09-25 发布日期:2004-09-25
  • 作者简介:刘彦随(1965–),男,陕西绥德人。研究员,博士生导师。主要研究方向为土地利用、农业与乡村发展。在国内外核心刊物发表学术论文100余篇,出版著作5部。E-mail: liuys@igsnrr. ac. cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金资助项目(40171007);中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所创新领域前沿项目(CXIOG-B02-05)。

Modeling Optimal Allocation of Arable Land in Relatively Developed Areas ——A case study in Wuxi City, Jiangsu Province

LIU Yansui, HU Yecui, ZHENG Yu   

  1. Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2004-06-01 Revised:2004-08-01 Online:2004-09-25 Published:2004-09-25

摘要:

沿海经济发达地区的人均耕地资源短缺,工业化、城镇化快速发展对耕地的占用使耕地资源供给更趋紧张。从发展的角度,合理确定区域耕地资源容许城市、生态建设的占用量,具有重要价值和实践意义。基于对无锡工业化、城镇化进程中耕地资源态势,以及用地需求与耕地资源变化关系分析,构建了区域容许耕地转换模型(MAC),并应用该模型测定了无锡市2030年以前容许“非农”建设占用的耕地量。据此确定区域耕地保护的底线和调控指标,为快速工业化、城镇化进程中区域耕地资源优化利用提供一种新思路。同时,为多目标导向下的区域耕地资源优化配置提供量化方法和决策依据。

关键词: 城镇化, 耕地资源, 工业化, 容许耕地转换模型, 无锡市

Abstract:

Rapid industrialization and urbanization have worsened the shortage of arable land resources in relatively developed coastal areas of China. It is important to study how to rationally allocate the quantity of arable land allowable for conversion into urban uses to maintain a sound eco-system both scientifically and practically. We constructed a Model of Allowable Conversion (MAC) of regional arable land resources after analyzing the characteristics of land resources changes, and studying the relationship between these changes and the demand for urban land use during the process of industrialization and urbanization in Wuxi city. With the assistance of the MAC we determined the maximum amount of arable land resources that is allowed for conversion into non-farming uses in the next 30 years. The idea of quantifying the allowable conversion of arable land resources will help accelerate the process of industrialization and urbanization while arable land resources are adequately protected. Through determining a threshold quantity of allowable conversion of arable land resources during industrialization and urbanization, we solved the problem of how to optimally allocate regional land resources for multiple and even conflicting demands for land resources.

Key words: arable land resources, industrialization, model of allowable conversion (MAC), urbanization, Wuxi city